7:30 – 7:35

Welcome & Course Overview


7:35 – 9:30

Session 1: The Debates

Moderators: David Farrington, George Thompson


Cast (Ying Li) vs Brace (Michael Glotzbecker)



SAI/Pelvic Screws (Paul Sponseller) vs S Hooks (Michael Vitale)



Guided Growth (Scott Luhmann) vs Distraction (Colin Nnadi)



Spine (Peter Newton) vs Rib Anchors (David Skaggs)



Standard (Burt Yaszay) vs Offset MCGR Orientation (A. Noelle Larson)



Drive Growth (Charles Johnston) vs Match It (Kenneth Cheung)



Ponte (Brandon Ramo) vs VCR for Severe EOS (Patrick Cahill)



9 Y.O. Tether (Stefan Parent) vs Early Fusion (Muharrem Yazici)


10:00 – 11:45

Session 2: Free Papers: EOS Care in 2018: Past, Present and Future Considerations

Moderators: Rene Castelein, John Flynn


Free Paper #1: Current Use in Growth-Friendly Implants: A Ten-Year Update
Walter Klyce, Stuart Mitchell, Jeff Pawelek, David Skaggs, James Sanders, Suken Shah, Richard McCarthy, Scott Luhman, Peter Sturm, Behrooz Akbarnia, Paul Sponseller, Growing Spine Study Group



Free Paper #2: Expert Consensus for Early Onset Scoliosis Surgery 2018
Jason Anari, Patrick Cahill, Divya Talwar, John Flynn



Free Paper #3: Consensus-Based Best Practice Guidelines (BPG) for Use of Preoperative Halo Gravity Traction (HGT) for Pediatric Spinal Deformity
Sravisht Iyer, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Rufai Mahmud, Irene Wulff, Henry Ofori Duah, Henry Osei Tutu, Kwadwo Poku Yankey, FOCOS Spine Research Group



Free Paper #4: The Use of Halo Gravity Traction in the Treatment of Severe Early Onset Scoliosis
Benjamin Roye, Megan Campbell, Hiroko Matsumoto, Joshua Pahys, Michelle Welborn, Jeffrey Sawyer, Nicholas Fletcher, Amy McIntosh, Peter F. Sturm, Jaime A. Gomez, Laurence Lenke, Michael Vitale, Children’s Spine Study Group



Free Paper #5: The Role of Halo Gravity Traction Prior to MCGR, When Does Correction Occur?
Michelle Welborn, Daniel Bouton, Joseph Ivan Krajbich



Free Paper #6: Sagittal Balance in Hyperkyphotic Patients with Growing Rods and the Effect of Preoperative Halo Gravity Traction
Cynthia Nguyen, Henry Ofori Duah, Mabel Owiredu, Osei-Tutu Henry, Kwadwo Yankey, Harry Akoto, Irene Wulff, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei



Free Paper #7: Preop Halo Gravity Traction (HGT) Associated with Decreased Implant Complications in MCGR
Michelle Welborn, Daniel Bouton, Joseph Ivan Krajbich



Free Paper #8: Optimization of Casting in Infantile Scoliosis
Peter Stasikelis, Graham Fedorak, Ashley Carpenter, Alexandra Nielson, Jacques D’Astous



Free Paper #9: Shorter Anesthesia Time and Improved Initial Curve Correction with an Alternative Risser Casting Technique
Anthony Catanzano, Lori Catanzano, Robert Fitch, Robert Lark



Free Paper #10: Does Mehta Casting Work in Patients with Infantile Onset Scoliosis and Intrathecal Abnormalities?
Surya Mundluru, Dong-Phuong Tran, Charles Johnston, Daniel Sucato, Amy McIntosh, Lori Karol, Brandon Ramo



Free Paper #11: Clinical and Radiologic Outcomes of Posterior Only Hemivertebra Resection and Short Segment Fusion with Pedicle Screw Fixation in Children Younger than 5 Years: Minimum 10 Years Follow-up
Yunus Emre Akman, Isik Karalok, Emel Kaya, Cem Sever, Yesim Erol, Tunay Sanli, Sinan Kahraman, Meric Enercan, Azmi Hamzaoglu



Free Paper #12: Avoid Maximal Correction in Lower Lumbar Hemivertebra Resection – Taking Sacrum Morphology into Consideration
Yanbin Zhang, Jianguo Zhang



Free Paper #13: Comparison of Growth-friendly Surgery with Rib-based Device Between Congenital Scoliosis and Non-congenital Scoliosis: Five-Year Follow-Up Study
Noriaki Kawakami, Toshiki Saito, Ryoji Tauchi, Kazuki Kawakami, Hiroko Matsumoto, Tetsuya Ohara



Free Paper #14: Neural Axis Abnormalities in Early Onset Scoliosis Patients Can Be Detected With Limited MRI Sequences
Rajan Murgai, Benita Tamrazi, Ken Illingworth, David Skaggs, Lindsay Andras



Free Paper #15: The Safety and Efficacy of Intrathecal Morphine in Early Onset Scoliosis Surgery – A 25 Year Single Center Experience
Connie Poe-Kochert, Christina Hardesty, Jochen Son-Hing, Paul Tripi, Jason Ina, George Thompson


Free Paper #16: Can You Stall a Baclofen Pump During a Magnetic Rod Lengthening?
Christina Hardesty, Michelle Janas


Session 3: Mini-Symposium: Skeletal Dysplasia: Medical Treatment, Musculoskeletal
Management and Mistakes Not to Make

Moderators: Michael Ruf, Amy McIntosh


Achondroplasia (Paul Sponseller)



Diastrophic Dysplasia (Vern Tolo)



Syndromic Cervical Spine (Rich Anderson)



Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia (Vern Tolo)


Metatropic Dysplasia (Ilkka Helenius)



Campomelic Dysplasia (Matthew Oetgen)



Session 4: Free Papers: What We Have Learned About Magnetically Lengthening Growing Rod

Moderators: Ying Li, Ken Cheung


Free Paper #17: Contouring the Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod Impacts Its Expansion Capacity
Saba Pasha, John Flynn



Free Paper #18: Targeted Distraction: Spinal Growth in Children with Early Onset Scoliosis Treated with a Tail-Gating Technique for Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods
David Kieser, Mihai Mardare, Chrishan Thakar, Shahnawaz Haleem, Thejasvi Subramanian, Adil Ahmad, James Wilson-MacDonald, Colin Nnadi



Free Paper #19: Differential Lengthening of MCGR Does Not Improve Coronal Decompensation
Nazareth Alexander, Pooria Hosseini, David Skaggs, Behrooz Akbarnia, Charles Johnston, Suken A. Shah, John Emans, Gregory Mundis, Burt Yaszay, Peter Sturm, Lindsay Andras, Growing Spine Study Group



Free Paper #20: Comparative Outcomes of Monthly Versus Three-Monthly Distraction Protocols for Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods
Cora Bow, Marcus Lastikka, Karen Yiu, Kenny Kwan, Ilkka Helenius, Kenneth MC Cheung, Jason Pui Yin Cheung



Free Paper #21: Diminishing Returns of Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod Lengthenings Over Time
Stephanie Ihnow, Viral Jain, Sarah Gilday, William McKinnon, Peter F. Sturm



Free Paper #22: 18% of EOS patients Treated with MCGR have Minimal Lengthening Episodes Resulting in < 1mm of Distraction
Ali Siddiqui, Alexander Nazareth, Lindsay Andras, Purnendu Gupta, Michael Vitale, John Smith, David Skaggs


Free Paper #23: Optimization of a MCGR US-Guided Lengthening Clinic
Judson Karlen, Monique Riemann



Free Paper #24: Changes of Vertebral and Disk Morphology Following Treatment with MCGR
Ralf Stuecker, Philip Kunkel, Christian Hagemann, Kiril Mladenov, Sebastian Stuecker



Free Paper #25: Analysis of Surgeon Decisions to Discontinue a Lengthening Program in Early Onset Scoliosis
Robert Murphy, Joshua Pahys, Sumeet Garg, William Barfield, Tricia St. Hilaire, John Emans, Amer Samdani, John Smith, Jeffrey Sawyer


Ask the Faculty Case Discussions


New Techniques (David Skaggs)
Sublaminar Band Fixation Provides Excellent Anchors for MAGEC Rod Distraction Systems
Samuel Rosenfeld
Posterior-Based Spinal Tether in Combination With Guided-Growth Principles: A Novel Approach in Severe Early Onset Scoliosis
Vishal Sarwahi, Stephen Wendolowski, Jesse Galina, Terry Amaral
First clinical results of a dynamic growth friendly technique based on a spring distraction system (SDS) for early onset scoliosis
Sebastiaan Wijdicks, Justin Lemans, René Castelein, Moyo Kruyt
Minimally Invasive Posterior Spine Tethering in Skeletally Immature Patients with Scoliosis Can Save Levels While Maintaining Lumbar Flexibility and Preventing Curve Progression
Vishal Sarwahi, Stephen Wendolowski, Jesse Galina, Terry Amaral



Syndromes (John Smith)
Harlequin Syndrome in Scoliosis Surgery
Michael Ruf, Ute Heiler, Michael Fetter, Tobias Pitzen
Infant with Severe Cerebrocostomandibular (CCM) Syndrome Treated Successfully with VEPTR
Judson Karlen
The Treatment of Cleidocranial Dysostosis, Accompanied by Spinal Deformities: Two Case Reports
Mehmet Bulent Balioglu, Deniz Kargin, Akif Albayrak, Yunus Atici



Dysplasias (Patrick Cahill)
Paediatric Cervical Sagittal Imbalance 6 Case Series Review
Andreia Nunes, João Campagnolo, Patrícia Rodrigues, Pedro Jordão, Jorge Mineiro
Scoliosis Associated with Arnold Chiari Malformation: A Case Report
Jayprakash Modi, Hriday Acharya, Harshil Patel