Session 1: Pulmonary & Basic Science

Moderators: Lindsay Andras, MD & Burt Yaszay, MD


What a Pediatric Spine Surgeon Needs to Know about Pulmonology

Greg Redding, MD


Are Current EOS Treatments Really Better than Fusion or Natural History for Pulmonary Function?

Benny Dahl, MD


Genetic Basis of EOS and the Developing Spine: The Somite Clock and Mouse Models

Benjamin A. Alman, MD


Interdependent Relationship between the Thorax and Lung: The Impact of Thoracic Deformity on Respiratory Function

Brian Snyder, MD


Evolving Treatment Options for EOS: Is Growth Modulation of the Spine the Answer?



Session 2: Free Papers

Moderators: Stefan Parent, MD PhD & Jeff Sawyer, MD


Free Paper #1: Content of Metal Ions in the Blood and tissues after Implantation of Titanium Growth-Guidance Sliding LSZ-4D Device for Early Onset Scoliosis Treatment

Elena Lukina; Aleksandr Laka, PhD; Mikhail Kollerov; Mykhamad Sampiev; Paul Wagstaff; Peter Mason; Wai Weng Yoon; Hilali Noordeen; Gordon Blunn


Free Paper #2: Guided Growth System (ggs) in the Treatment of Early Onset Scoliosis - 5 Years Follow-up

Michal Latalski, Ass Prof. MD PhD; Marek Fatyga, MD PhD; Krzysztof Koltowski, MD; Anna Danielewicz-Bromberek, MD; Piotr Menarowicz, MD


Free Paper #3: Sliding-Growing Rod Technique for Management of Early-Onset Scoliosis

Meric Enercan; Mutlu Cobanoglu; Sinan Kahraman; Bahadir H. Gokcen; Sinan Yilar; Erden Erturer; Cagatay Ozturk; Azmi Hamzaoglu


Free Paper #4: Growing Segmental Spinal Instrumentation: How Much Do They Grow?

Sam Rosenfeld, M.D.; Benjamin Smith, D.O.


Free Paper #5: Real Time Robotic Assisted Telemedicine Surgical Collaboration between Ukraine and the US

Richard M. Schwend, MD; Andriy Mezentsev, MD; Dmytro Petrenko, MD; Alec Hermanson, BA; Matthew Altrich, BA; Morgan Waller; Robert Rinaldi, MD; Ronald Nicholis, MD


Free Paper #6: The Effectiveness of Pre-operative Halo-gravity Traction (hgt) in Early Onset Scoliosis (eos) and Severe Kyphoscoliosis: Clinical and Radiographic Study

Norberto M. Ventura Gómez, MD, PhD; Ana M. Ey Batlle, MD; Imma Vilalta Vidal, MD; Augusto A. Covaro, MD; Juan J. Mazzeo, MN; Junichi Yamane, MD, PhD; Melisa Stitzman Wengrowicz, MD


Free Paper #7 Spinal Growth In Normal Children Between 3 And 11 Years Old Using 3D Reconstruction: A Longitudinal Study.

Patrick Tohmé; Léonie Tremblay; Marjolaine Roy-Beaudry, MSc; Marie Beauséjour, PhD; Hubert Labelle, MD; Stefan Parent, MD, PhD


Free Paper #8: Coupled Symmetry and Pattern of Rib Growth in the Growing Human

Richard M. Schwend; John Schmidt, PhD; Laurel C. Blakemore, MD; Julie L. Reigrut, MS; Behrooz Akbarnia


Free Paper #9: Growth Patterns of the Neurocentral Synchondrosis (NCS) in Immature and Growing Vertebra

Richard M. Schwend; Laurel C. Blakemore, MD; John A. Schmidt, PhD; Behrooz Akbarnia, MD


Free Paper #10: Does Initial Cast Correction Predict Treatment Success for Infantile Scoliosis?

Jaime A. Gomez, MD; Alexandra Grzywna, BS; Lawrence Karlin, MD; Patricia Miller, MS; John Emans, MD; Michael Glotzbecker, MD


Free Paper #11: Effectiveness of Serial Derotational Casting for Treatment of Children with Early Onset Scoliosis

Anny Hsu, MD; Hiroko Matsumoto, PhDc; Mark Sullivan, BA; Evan Trupia, BS; Benjamin Roye, MD, MPH; David P. Roye, MD; Michael G. Vitale, MD, MPH


Free Paper #12: Radiographic Parameters Correlating with Success of Mehta Cast Utilization in Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis

Hamid Hassanzadeh; Sreeharsha V. Nandyala; Blaine Manning; Amit Jain; Kim W. Hammerberg


Free Paper #13: Pulmonary Pressures Substantially Change during Derotational Casting for Early Onset Scoliosis

David M. Farrington; Rafael López-Lobato; Marta García-Santigosa; Ángela Tatay-Díaz; José María López-Puerta


Free Paper #14: Surgeon Experience Does Not Reduce Complications Associated with VEPTR Surgery in Early Onset Scoliosis

John T. Smith, MD; Man Hung, Ph.D; Jessica Morgan; Heather Fillerup


Free Paper #15: Offset Layered Closure May Reduce Wound Infections in EOS Surgery

Alexandra M. Grzywna, BA; Michael P. Glotzbecker, MD; John B. Emans, MD


Free Paper #16: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Analysis of Infection Characteristics and Rates with VEPTR Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis

Sumeet Garg; Micaela Cyr, BA; Michael Glotzbecker, MD; Patrick Carry, BA; John T. Smith, MD; Jeff Sawyer, MD; Joshua Pahys, MD; Scott Luhmann, MD; John M. Flynn, MD; Ron El-Hawary, MD; Michael Vitale, MD; Tricia St. Hilaire, MPH; Children's Spine Study Group


Free Paper #17: Superior Extension of Upper Instrumented Level in Distraction Based Surgery: A Surrogate for Clinically Significant PJK

Ron El-Hawary, MD, MSc, FRCSC; John Heflin, MD; Nadim Joukhadar, BSc; Mohamad Yasin, MD; David Skaggs, MD; Children's Spine Study Group


Free Paper #18: Proximal Junctional Kyphosis in Surgically Treated Young Children With Scoliosis: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Management

Bangping Qian, MD; Xu Sun, MD.; Yong Qiu, MD


Free Paper #19: The Etiology of Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome in Neuromuscular Scoliosis Based on Quantitative Dynamic Lung MRI (QdMRI)

Robert M. Campbell, MD; Jay Udupa, PhD; Jack Flynn, MD; Hank Mayer, MD; Michael Nance, MD; Howard Panitch, MD; Wei-Hsun Wang, MD; Yubing Tong, PhD; Ivy Wu, PhD; Kieth Baldwin, MD; Joseph McDonough, Masters in Bioengineering; Andrew Mong, MD


Free Paper #20: Diminished PFT's in Growing Rod Graduates despite Improved Thoracic Height and Curve Correction

Charles E. Johnston, MD; Dong-phuong Tran, MS; Anna McClung, RN


Free Paper #21: Serial Measures of Lung and Inspiratory Muscle Function in Children with Early Onset Scoliosis

Gregory J. Redding, MD; Megan Roth, PhD; Walter Krengel, MD; Klane White, MD; Viviana Bompadre, PhD; John Waldhausen, MD; Ajeya Joshi, MD


Session 3: Ribs & Other Issues

Moderator: Brian Snyder, MD


Proximal Junctional Kyphosis in EOS

Ron El-Hawary, MD, MSc, FRCS


What We Have Learned About the Child's Ribs from Osteology Studies

Rick Schwend, MD



Biomechanical and Clinical Evaluation of Rib Anchors

Richard Gross, MD



Cervicothoracic Scoliosis

David Skaggs, MD


Criteria for Avoiding Need of Final Fusion

Paul Sponseller, MD


Lifetime Achievement Award & Keynote Address

Bob Campbell, MD


Session 4: Free Papers & Local Welcome

Moderators: Laurel Blakemore, MD & Tenner Guillaume, MD


Free Paper #22: Spine Growth Modulation using Titanium Clip/screw Device: Vertebral and Disc Height Changes at 1 Year

Donita I. Bylski-Austrow, PhD; Nana A. Entsuah; David L. Glos; Joseph E. Reynolds; Eric J. Wall, MD


Free Paper #23: Changes in the Vertebral Growth Plate after Surgical Correction of Scoliosis in Animal Model

Michal Latalski, Ass Prof. MD PhD; Marek Fatyga, MD PhD


Free Paper #24: Prospective FDA IDE Clinical Safety Trial of a Scoliosis Growth Modulation Clip/Screw Device: 18-Month Results

Eric J. Wall, MD; Joseph E. Reynolds; Jain V. Jain, MD; Donita I. Bylski-Austrow, PhD; George H. Thompson, MD; Paul Samuels, MD; Sean J. Barnett; Alvin H. Crawford, MD


Free Paper #25: Unilateral Thoracic Nerve Neurotomy Causes Rib Cage Torsion and Idiopathic-Like Thoracic Scoliosis

Xiaobin Wang, M.D., PhD; Hong Zhang, M.D.; Dan Sucato, M.D., MS


Free Paper #26: Anterior Vertebral Body Tethering for Immature Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: One-Year Results on the First 32 Patients

Amer Samdani; Robert J. Ames, BA; Jeff S. Kimball, BS; Joshua M. Pahys, MD; Harsh Grewal, MD; Glenn J. Pelletier, MD; Randal R. Betz, MD


Free Paper #27: Cervical Deformity and Instability Occur Early but Require Surveillance in Loeys-Dietz Syndrome

Paul Sponseller, MD; Sara Fuhrhop, MD; Mark McElroy, BS


Ask the Faculty Case Discussions and Receptions