8th International Congress on Early Onset Scoliosis (ICEOS)
November 20-21, 2014


Session 1: Pulmonary & Basic Science

Moderators: Lindsay Andras, MD & Burt Yaszay, MD


What a Pediatric Spine Surgeon Needs to Know about Pulmonology

Greg Redding, MD


Are Current EOS Treatments Really Better than Fusion or Natural History for Pulmonary Function?

Benny Dahl, MD


Genetic Basis of EOS and the Developing Spine: The Somite Clock and Mouse Models

Benjamin A. Alman, MD


Interdependent Relationship between the Thorax and Lung: The Impact of Thoracic Deformity on Respiratory Function

Brian Snyder, MD


Evolving Treatment Options for EOS: Is Growth Modulation of the Spine the Answer?



Session 2: Free Papers

Moderators: Stefan Parent, MD PhD & Jeff Sawyer, MD


Free Paper #1: Content of Metal Ions in the Blood and tissues after Implantation of Titanium Growth-Guidance Sliding LSZ-4D Device for Early Onset Scoliosis Treatment

Elena Lukina; Aleksandr Laka, PhD; Mikhail Kollerov; Mykhamad Sampiev; Paul Wagstaff; Peter Mason; Wai Weng Yoon; Hilali Noordeen; Gordon Blunn


Free Paper #2: Guided Growth System (ggs) in the Treatment of Early Onset Scoliosis - 5 Years Follow-up

Michal Latalski, Ass Prof. MD PhD; Marek Fatyga, MD PhD; Krzysztof Koltowski, MD; Anna Danielewicz-Bromberek, MD; Piotr Menarowicz, MD


Free Paper #3: Sliding-Growing Rod Technique for Management of Early-Onset Scoliosis

Meric Enercan; Mutlu Cobanoglu; Sinan Kahraman; Bahadir H. Gokcen; Sinan Yilar; Erden Erturer; Cagatay Ozturk; Azmi Hamzaoglu


Free Paper #4: Growing Segmental Spinal Instrumentation: How Much Do They Grow?

Sam Rosenfeld, M.D.; Benjamin Smith, D.O.


Free Paper #5: Real Time Robotic Assisted Telemedicine Surgical Collaboration between Ukraine and the US

Richard M. Schwend, MD; Andriy Mezentsev, MD; Dmytro Petrenko, MD; Alec Hermanson, BA; Matthew Altrich, BA; Morgan Waller; Robert Rinaldi, MD; Ronald Nicholis, MD


Free Paper #6: The Effectiveness of Pre-operative Halo-gravity Traction (hgt) in Early Onset Scoliosis (eos) and Severe Kyphoscoliosis: Clinical and Radiographic Study

Norberto M. Ventura Gómez, MD, PhD; Ana M. Ey Batlle, MD; Imma Vilalta Vidal, MD; Augusto A. Covaro, MD; Juan J. Mazzeo, MN; Junichi Yamane, MD, PhD; Melisa Stitzman Wengrowicz, MD


Free Paper #7 Spinal Growth In Normal Children Between 3 And 11 Years Old Using 3D Reconstruction: A Longitudinal Study.

Patrick Tohmé; Léonie Tremblay; Marjolaine Roy-Beaudry, MSc; Marie Beauséjour, PhD; Hubert Labelle, MD; Stefan Parent, MD, PhD


Free Paper #8: Coupled Symmetry and Pattern of Rib Growth in the Growing Human

Richard M. Schwend; John Schmidt, PhD; Laurel C. Blakemore, MD; Julie L. Reigrut, MS; Behrooz Akbarnia


Free Paper #9: Growth Patterns of the Neurocentral Synchondrosis (NCS) in Immature and Growing Vertebra

Richard M. Schwend; Laurel C. Blakemore, MD; John A. Schmidt, PhD; Behrooz Akbarnia, MD


Free Paper #10: Does Initial Cast Correction Predict Treatment Success for Infantile Scoliosis?

Jaime A. Gomez, MD; Alexandra Grzywna, BS; Lawrence Karlin, MD; Patricia Miller, MS; John Emans, MD; Michael Glotzbecker, MD


Free Paper #11: Effectiveness of Serial Derotational Casting for Treatment of Children with Early Onset Scoliosis

Anny Hsu, MD; Hiroko Matsumoto, PhDc; Mark Sullivan, BA; Evan Trupia, BS; Benjamin Roye, MD, MPH; David P. Roye, MD; Michael G. Vitale, MD, MPH


Free Paper #12: Radiographic Parameters Correlating with Success of Mehta Cast Utilization in Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis

Hamid Hassanzadeh; Sreeharsha V. Nandyala; Blaine Manning; Amit Jain; Kim W. Hammerberg


Free Paper #13: Pulmonary Pressures Substantially Change during Derotational Casting for Early Onset Scoliosis

David M. Farrington; Rafael López-Lobato; Marta García-Santigosa; Ángela Tatay-Díaz; José María López-Puerta


Free Paper #14: Surgeon Experience Does Not Reduce Complications Associated with VEPTR Surgery in Early Onset Scoliosis

John T. Smith, MD; Man Hung, Ph.D; Jessica Morgan; Heather Fillerup


Free Paper #15: Offset Layered Closure May Reduce Wound Infections in EOS Surgery

Alexandra M. Grzywna, BA; Michael P. Glotzbecker, MD; John B. Emans, MD


Free Paper #16: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Analysis of Infection Characteristics and Rates with VEPTR Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis

Sumeet Garg; Micaela Cyr, BA; Michael Glotzbecker, MD; Patrick Carry, BA; John T. Smith, MD; Jeff Sawyer, MD; Joshua Pahys, MD; Scott Luhmann, MD; John M. Flynn, MD; Ron El-Hawary, MD; Michael Vitale, MD; Tricia St. Hilaire, MPH; Children's Spine Study Group


Free Paper #17: Superior Extension of Upper Instrumented Level in Distraction Based Surgery: A Surrogate for Clinically Significant PJK

Ron El-Hawary, MD, MSc, FRCSC; John Heflin, MD; Nadim Joukhadar, BSc; Mohamad Yasin, MD; David Skaggs, MD; Children's Spine Study Group


Free Paper #18: Proximal Junctional Kyphosis in Surgically Treated Young Children With Scoliosis: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Management

Bangping Qian, MD; Xu Sun, MD.; Yong Qiu, MD


Free Paper #19: The Etiology of Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome in Neuromuscular Scoliosis Based on Quantitative Dynamic Lung MRI (QdMRI)

Robert M. Campbell, MD; Jay Udupa, PhD; Jack Flynn, MD; Hank Mayer, MD; Michael Nance, MD; Howard Panitch, MD; Wei-Hsun Wang, MD; Yubing Tong, PhD; Ivy Wu, PhD; Kieth Baldwin, MD; Joseph McDonough, Masters in Bioengineering; Andrew Mong, MD


Free Paper #20: Diminished PFT's in Growing Rod Graduates despite Improved Thoracic Height and Curve Correction

Charles E. Johnston, MD; Dong-phuong Tran, MS; Anna McClung, RN


Free Paper #21: Serial Measures of Lung and Inspiratory Muscle Function in Children with Early Onset Scoliosis

Gregory J. Redding, MD; Megan Roth, PhD; Walter Krengel, MD; Klane White, MD; Viviana Bompadre, PhD; John Waldhausen, MD; Ajeya Joshi, MD


Session 3: Ribs & Other Issues

Moderator: Brian Snyder, MD


Proximal Junctional Kyphosis in EOS

Ron El-Hawary, MD, MSc, FRCS


What We Have Learned About the Child's Ribs from Osteology Studies

Rick Schwend, MD



Biomechanical and Clinical Evaluation of Rib Anchors

Richard Gross, MD



Cervicothoracic Scoliosis

David Skaggs, MD


Criteria for Avoiding Need of Final Fusion

Paul Sponseller, MD


Lifetime Achievement Award & Keynote Address

Bob Campbell, MD


Session 4: Free Papers & Local Welcome

Moderators: Laurel Blakemore, MD & Tenner Guillaume, MD


Free Paper #22: Spine Growth Modulation using Titanium Clip/screw Device: Vertebral and Disc Height Changes at 1 Year

Donita I. Bylski-Austrow, PhD; Nana A. Entsuah; David L. Glos; Joseph E. Reynolds; Eric J. Wall, MD


Free Paper #23: Changes in the Vertebral Growth Plate after Surgical Correction of Scoliosis in Animal Model

Michal Latalski, Ass Prof. MD PhD; Marek Fatyga, MD PhD


Free Paper #24: Prospective FDA IDE Clinical Safety Trial of a Scoliosis Growth Modulation Clip/Screw Device: 18-Month Results

Eric J. Wall, MD; Joseph E. Reynolds; Jain V. Jain, MD; Donita I. Bylski-Austrow, PhD; George H. Thompson, MD; Paul Samuels, MD; Sean J. Barnett; Alvin H. Crawford, MD


Free Paper #25: Unilateral Thoracic Nerve Neurotomy Causes Rib Cage Torsion and Idiopathic-Like Thoracic Scoliosis

Xiaobin Wang, M.D., PhD; Hong Zhang, M.D.; Dan Sucato, M.D., MS


Free Paper #26: Anterior Vertebral Body Tethering for Immature Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: One-Year Results on the First 32 Patients

Amer Samdani; Robert J. Ames, BA; Jeff S. Kimball, BS; Joshua M. Pahys, MD; Harsh Grewal, MD; Glenn J. Pelletier, MD; Randal R. Betz, MD


Free Paper #27: Cervical Deformity and Instability Occur Early but Require Surveillance in Loeys-Dietz Syndrome

Paul Sponseller, MD; Sara Fuhrhop, MD; Mark McElroy, BS


Ask the Faculty Case Discussions and Receptions



Session 5: Free Papers

Moderators: Charlie Johnston, MD & Jean-Luc Jouve, MD


Free Paper #28: Dual Growing Rod: Traditional Vs Magnetic Systems In The Treatment Of Infantile Scoliosis

Tiziana Greggi; Elena Maredi; Francesco Lolli; Francesco Vommaro; Kostantinos Martikos; Andrea Baioni; Antonio Scarale; Stefano Giacomini; Mario Di Silvestre


Free Paper #29: Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod Technique in 33 Patients with Early Onset Scoliosis - Preliminary Results

Karsten Ridderbusch, MD; Ralf Stuecker, MD; Martin Rupprecht, MD; Philip Kunkel, MD; Christian Hagemann, MD


Free Paper #30: How much do Remote Magnetic Expandable Devices Truly Expand. A Radiographic Evaluation of the Magec System

Daniel J. Rolton, FRCS (Tr+Orth); Chrishnan Thakar, FRCS (Tr+Orth); Colin Nnadi, FRCS (Tr+Orth)


Free Paper #31: Ultrasound Technique Monitoring the Lengthening of Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods

Luca F. Colombo, Pediatric Orthopaedic; Francesco Motta; Andrea Righini, Radiologist


Free Paper #32: Complications of Magnetically-controlled Growing Rod Surgery: Multicentre Study of 26 Patients with Medium-term Follow-up

Kenneth M. Cheung; Jason Pui Yin Cheung, MBBS (HK), MMedSc; Kenny Kwan, BMBCh(Oxon), FRCSEd(Ortho); John Ferguson, FRACS; Colin Nnadi, MBBS, FRCS; Ahmet Alanay, MD; Muharrem Yazici, MD; Gokhan H. Demirkiran, MD; Ilkka J. Helenius, MD, PhD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD


Free Paper #33: Validation of True Spine Length Radiographic Measurements

Alan J. Spurway, MASc; Chukwudi Chukwunyerenwa; Waleed Kishta; Ron El-Hawary, MD, MSc, FRCSC


Free Paper #34: Choosing Distal Instrumentation Level in Growing Rod Surgery - Where to Stop?

Senol Bekmez; Gokhan Demirkiran; Ozgur Dede; Peter Sturm; Muharrem Yazici


Free Paper #35: Pelvic Anchor Outcomes in Growing Rod Constructs: An Analysis of Patients with a Minimum of 4 Years of Post-Operative Follow-Up

Jaysson T. Brooks, MD; Amit Jain, MD; Francisco Sanchez Perez-Grueso, MD; David L. Skaggs, MD, MMM; George H. Thompson, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Paul D. Sponseller, MD, MBA; Growing Spine Study Group


Free Paper #36: Does the “Law of Diminishing Returns” Apply to Guided Growth Shilla Constructs?

Lindsay M. Andras, MD; Haleh Badkoobehi, MD; Alexander Broom, BA; Richard E. McCarthy, MD; David Skaggs, MD, MMM; Growing Spine Study Group


Free Paper #37: Prospective Study Comparing the Effects of Proximal Rib Anchors versus Proximal Spine Anchors: Examining Complications, Curve Correction, and Quality of Life

Michael G. Vitale, MD, MPH; Mark Sullivan, BA; Evan Trupia, BS; Hiroko Matsumoto, PhDc; Sumeet Garg, MD; John Flynn, MD; Peter F. Sturm, MD; Francisco Sanchez Perez-Grueso, MD; The Children's Spine Study Group; The Growing Spine Study Group; David P. Roye, MD


Free Paper #38: Defining Parasol Rib Deformity in Hypotonic Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Is There a Difference Between Rib-Based and Spine-Based Instrumentation?

Kristin S. Livingston, MD; David Zurakowski, PhD; Brian Snyder, MD PhD


Free Paper #39: Thoracic Volume Modeling of Growing Spine Interventions in Early Onset Scoliosis

David M. Matson; Charles Ledonio, MD; David W. Polly, Jr., MD; Kristin England, MD; Jeff Pawelek, BS; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD


Session 6: Miscellaneous

Moderator: Michael Glotzbecker, MD


The 3 Most Influential Papers Over the Last 10 Years and How They Changed My Approach to EOS

Charles Johnston, MD


The 3 Most Influential Papers Over the Last 10 Years and How They Changed My Approach to EOS

Paul Sponseller, MD


The 3 Studies That Should Be Done Over the Next Few Years to Help Us Improve the Care of Children with EOS

Michael Vitale, MD


Efficacy of Preoperative Halo-Gravity Traction in Severe Scoliosis

Bangping Qian, MD


Infection Prevention after Surgery for EOS… Where Are We in 2014?

Michael Glotzbecker, MD


Session 7: Free Papers

Moderators: Stephan Parent, MD & Rick Schwend, MD


Free Paper #40: Defining Pre-operative Age and Deformity Magnitude Cut-offs for the Initiation of Surgical Treatment with Dual Growing Rods

Vidyadhar V. Upasani, MD; Kevin C. Parvaresh, MD; Jeff Pawelek; Patricia E. Miller, MS; George H. Thompson, MD; David L. Skaggs, MD, MMM; John B. Emans, MD; Michael P. Glotzbecker, MD; Growing Spine Study Group


Free Paper #41: Performing a Definitive Fusion in Juvenile CP Patients is a Good Surgical Option

Burt Yaszay; Paul D. Sponseller; Suken A. Shah; Jahangir Asghar; Firoz Miyanji; Amer F. Samdani; Carrie E. Bartley; Peter O. Newton


Free Paper #42: Can a “No Final Fusion” Produce Equal Results to Final Fusion After Growing Rod Treatment?

Amit Jain, MD; Paul D. Sponseller, MD, MBA; Urvij Modhia, MD; Suken A. Shah, MD; George H. Thompson, MD; Jeff B. Pawelek; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Growing Spine Study Group


Free Paper #43: Flexible Growing Rods: Polymer Rods Provide Stability to Skeletally Immature Spines

Donita I. Bylski-Austrow, PhD; David L. Glos; Max F. Carvalho, MD; Anne C. Bonifas; Matthew T. Coombs; Peter F. Sturm, MD


Free Paper #44: Staged Insertion of Growing Rods in Severe Scoliosis, Does it Prevent Fixation Failure?

Sebastiaan Schelfaut, MD; Jennifer Dermott, PT; Reinhard Zeller, MD, ScD, FRCSC


Free Paper #45: The Effect of Growth Friendly Surgery on Coronal and Sagittal Plane Spine Growth in Idiopathic Scoliosis

Chukwudi K. Chukwunyerenwa, MD, MCh,FRCSC; Charles Johnston, MD; Anna M. McClung, BSN, RN; Luke Gauthier, MD; Alan J. Spurway, MASc; Ron El-Hawary, MD, MSc, FRCSC


Session 8: Masters’ Tips & Tricks

Moderators: Behrooz Akbarnia, MD & Michael Vitale, MD


MCGR Technique: Economics of Growing Rod Surgery

David Polly, MD


Master’s Technique: How Much to Distract at Initial Implant and Subsequent Surgeries

Colin Nnadi, MD


Master’s Technique: What Technique and How Often We Should Do Lengthening

Hilali Noordeen, MD


Master’s Technique: Why I Use Rib Anchors for Proximal Fixation in Distraction Based Implants

David Skaggs, MD


Master’s Technique: Optimizing Nutrition

Charles Johnston, MD


Master’s Technique: PRSS

Qibin Ye, MD


Master’s Technique: “S” Rods to Pelvis in Distraction-based Implants – Why, When, and How?

John Smith, MD


Master’s Technique: Pelvic Screws in Distraction-based Implants – Why, When, and How?

Paul Sponseller, MD


Master’s Technique: VCR & Growing Rods

Larry Lenke, MD


Master’s Technique: Vertebral Bar Excision

Deszoe Jeszensky, MD


Master’s Technique: MCGR

Karsten Ridderbusch, MD