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ICEOS

7th International Congress on Early Onset Scoliosis (ICEOS)
November 21-22, 2013

7:35

Session 1: Instructional Lectures “Fundamentals”
Moderator: Michael Vitale, MD

Aragon Ballroom II & III

7:35

Minimizing Radiation in EOS – From a Pediatric Radiologist Perspective

Jerry Dwek, MD

8:05

What a Pediatric Spine Surgeon Needs to Know about Pulmonology

Greg Redding, MD

8:35

Classification of EOS

Michael Vitale, MD

8:43

Natural History of EOS, and What Happens with Early Fusion

Lori Karol, MD

8:53

Classification of Growth Friendly Implants

David Skaggs, MD

9:12

Issues with Repetitive Anesthesia in the Young

Piyush Patel, MD

9:55

Session 2: Free Papers “American Idol Style”
Moderator: David Marks, FRCS
Judges: Laurel Blakemore, Charlie Johnston, John Emans
Format: Judges hold up signs 1-10 and give 1-2 sentences on each paper

Aragon Ballroom II & III

9:55

Free Paper #1: Pediatric Thoracic Volume Modeling for Early Onset Scoliosis: A Validation Study

Kristin England. MD; Charles Ledonio, MD; David Polly, MD; Behrooz Akbarnia, MD; Eric Hoggard, MD

9:59

Free Paper #2: Final Fusion After Growing Rod Treatment for Early Onset Scoliosis: Is it Really Final?

Connie Poe-Kochert, CNP; Claire Shannon, MD; Jeff Pawelek; George H. Thompson, MD; Christina K. Hardesty, MD; David Marks, FRCS; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Richard E. McCarthy, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

10:03

Free Paper #3: Pulmonary And Radiographic Outcomes Of VEPTR Treatment In Early Onset Scoliosis

Ozgur Dede, MD; Etsuro K. Motoyama; Charles I. Yang; Rebecca L. Mutich; Austin J. Bowles; Vincent F. Deeney

10:15

Free Paper #4: Distraction Based Treatment Maintains Predicted Thoracic Dimensions in Early Onset Scoliosis

Michael Glotzbecker, MD; John B. Emans, MD; Meryl Gold; Patricia Miller; Behrooz Akbarnia, MD; Charles Johnston, MD; Suken Shah, MD; Francisco Sanchez Perez-Grueso, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

10:19

Free Paper #5: Comparison of Thoracic Growth and Pulmonary Function in Treated versus Untreated Early Onset Scoliosis Patients

Andriy Mezentsev, MD; Dmytro Petrenko, MD

10:23

Free Paper #6: The Rib Construct: A Valuable Alternative for Management of Early Onset Spinal Deformity

Alaa A.Ahmad, MD; Richard H. Gross, MD

10:35

Free Paper #7: Introduction of Shilla surgery into Japan: A report on the first 22 patient

Teppei Suzuki; Koki Uno, MD

10:39

Free Paper #8: Spinal Height (T1-T12) in Shilla Patients Who Have Reached Maturity

Richard E. McCarthy, MD; Frances L. McCullough, MNSc

10:43

Free Paper #9: Radiographic Outcomes of Patients Treated with Shilla Growth Guidance System and Definitive Posterior Spinal Fusion

Christopher G. Salib, MS; June C. O'Donnell, MPH; Scott J. Luhmann

10:55

Free Paper #10: The Effect of Positioning on Radiographic Measurements for Early-Onset Scoliosis

Caleb Behrend; John Faust; Suzanne Hilt; James Sanders, MD

10:59

Free Paper #11: Case-Matched Comparison of Spinal Fusion Versus Growing Rods for the Surgical Treatment of Progressive Idiopathic Scoliosis in Skeletally Immature Patients

Jeff Pawelek, BS; Burt Yaszay, MD; Stacie Nguyen, MPH; Peter O. Newton, MD; Gregory M. Mundis, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Harms Study Group; Growing Spine Study Group

11:03

Free Paper #12: Criterion Validity Test-Retest Reliability and Internal Consistency Reliability of the Early-Onset Scoliosis 24 Item Questionnaire (EOSQ-24)

Hiroko Matsumoto, MA; Howard Park, BA; Evan Trupia, BS; David Roye, MD; Behrooz Akbarnia, MD; Robert Campbell, MD; John M. Flynn, MD; Sumeet Garg, MD; James Sanders, MD; John Smith, MD; Burt Yaszay, MD; Michael Vitale, MD, MPH

11:15

Free Paper #13: Is There An Optimal Time Interval to Distract Dual Growing Rods?

Michael Paloski, DO; Paul Sponseller, MD

11:19

Free Paper #14: Serial Casting as a Delaying Tactic In Congenital Spinal Deformities

Gokhan Demirkiran MD; Senol Bekmez MD; Rustem Celilov MD; Ozgur Dede MD; Muharrem Yazici, MD

11:23

Free Paper #15: Pulmonary Function Following Early Thoracic Long Fusion in Congenital Scoliosis: Long-term Follow-up Study.

Toshiki Saito; Noriaki Kawakami; Taichi Tsuji; Tetsuya Ohara; Yoshitaka Suzuki; Ayato Nohara; Ryo Sugawara; Kosuke Takimura; Kyotaro Ohta; Kazuki Kawakami

1:30

Session 3: Congenital Spine Deformity
Moderator: Jim Sanders, MD

Aragon Ballroom II & III

1:40

Debate: Early or Late Intervention for EOS - Charlie Johnston, MD

Debate: Early or Late Intervention for EOS - Ron El-Hawary, MD

Charlie Johnston, MD – Late – 7 mins
Ron El-Hawary, MD – Early – 7mins

2:05

Discussion of Steve Marjedtko’s Case

Drs. Johnston, Newton & Bollini

2:25

When to Stop Lengthening? And What’s Next?

Paul Sponseller, MD

2:35

What is the Role of Halo Traction?

Jim Sanders, MD

2:45

What Every Spine Surgeon Should Know about Neurosurgical Issues – When to Refer, When Not to Worry

Amer Samdani, MD

3:25 – 4:05

Session 4: Free Papers: Finalists for Best Abstract
Moderator: Hillal Noordeen, FRCS

Aragon Ballroom II & III

3:25

Free Paper #16: Early Onset Scoliosis Treated With Growing Rods Has More Spinal Growth Better Cobb Correction But More Than Twice The Number Of Surgeries Compared To Shilla

Lindsay M. Andras, MD; Elizabeth R.A. Joiner, BS; Richard E. McCarthy, MD; Scott J. Luhmann, MD; Paul D. Sponseller, MD; John B. Emans, MD; David Skaggs, MD, MMM; Growing Spine Study Group

3:29

Free Paper #17: Five to Sixteen-Year Results of 201 Growing Rod Patients: Is There a Difference Between Etiologies?

Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Nima Kabirian, MD; Jeff Pawelek, BS; George H. Thompson, MD; John B. Emans, MD; Paul D. Sponseller, MD, MBA; David L. Skaggs, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

3:33

Free Paper #18: Traditional Growing Rods Versus Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods in Early Onset Scoliosis: A Case-Matched Two-Year Study

Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Kenneth Cheung, MD; Gokhan Demirkiran, MD; Hazem Elsebaie, FRCS, MD; John B. Emans, MD; Charles E. Johnston, MD; Gregory M. Mundis, MD; Hilali Noordeen, FRCS; Jeff Pawelek; Matthew Shaw, FRCS; David L. Skaggs, MD, MMM; Paul D. Sponseller, MD, MBA; George H. Thompson, MD; Muharrem Yazici, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

3:45

Free Paper #19: CT Lung Volume Changes after Surgical treatment for Early-onset Scoliosis

Charles E. Johnston, MD; Anna McClung, BSN, RN

3:49

Free Paper #20: Peri-Operative Neurological Injury Associated with Rib-Distraction Surgery

Luke Gauthier, MD; Yousef Mandourah, BSc; Amy McIntosh; Jack Flynn; Ron El-Hawary, MD, MSc, FRCSC

3:53

Free Paper #21: The Classification for Early Onset Scoliosis (C-EOS) Identifies Patients at Higher Risk for Complications at 5 years of Follow Up

Michael G. Vitale, MD,MPH; Howard Y. Park, BA; Hiroko Matsumoto, MA; Tricia St. Hilaire, BS; Jeff B. Pawelek, BS; Evan P. Trupia, BS; Hasani W. Swindell, BS; John M. Flynn, MD; David L. Skaggs, MD; David P. Roye, MD

8:35 – 10:10

Session 5: Free Papers: Instrumentation/Techniques
Moderator: Michael Glotzbecker MD & Koki Uno, MD

Aragon Ballroom II & III

8:35

Free Paper #22: Proximal Hooks In Growing Rod Systems: Can They Prevent Proximal Junctional Failures?

Francesco Lolli, MD; Konstantinos Martikos, MD; Elena Maredi, MD; Mario Di Silvestre, MD; Francesco Vommaro, MD; Andrea Baioni, MD; Tiziana Greggi, MD

8:39

Free Paper #23: Proximal Junctional Kyphosis Measurement Variability in Patients with Growing Rods

Kody K. Barrett, BA; Lindsay M. Andras, MD; Paul D. Choi, MD; Vernon T. Tolo, MD; David Skaggs, MD

8:43

Free Paper #24: Reliability of Proximal Junctional Kyphosis Measurements for Early Onset Scoliosis

Ammar Al Khudairy; Luke Gauthier; Jacob Matz; John Heflin; Ron El-Hawary

8:55

Free Paper #25: Radiographic Analysis of Cervicothoracic and Spinopelvic Changes After Dual Growing Rod Surgery for Early Onset Scoliosis

Daniel Barba, MD; Gregory M. Mundis Jr, MD; Burt Yaszay, MD; Jeff Pawelek, BS; Stacie Nguyen, MPH; Nima Kabirian, MD; Suken Shah, MD; John B. Emans, MD; Charles E. Johnston, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

8:59

Free Paper #26: Growing Spinal Systems And Early Onset Deformities: Is Hyperkhyphosis A Contraindication?

Tiziana Greggi, MD; Francesco Lolli, MD; Elena Maredi, MD; Konstantinos Martikos, MD; Mario Di Silvestre, MD; Andrea Baioni, MD

9:03

Free Paper #27: Do Thoracolumbar/lumbar Curves Respond Differently To Growing Rod Surgery Compared To Thoracic Curves?

Navid R. Arandi, BS; Jeff Pawelek, BS; Nima Kabirian, MD; George H. Thompson, MD; John B. Emans, MD; John M. Flynn, MD; John P. Dormans, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

9:15

Free Paper #28: Sublaminar Wires in Growing Constructs for EOS with Severe Curves Effective in Preventing Proximal Anchor Pullout

Anna McClung, BSN, RN; Charles E. Johnston, MD; Brandon A. Ramo, MD; Daniel J. Sucato, MD, MS

9:19

Free Paper #29: The Sagital Balance Challenge In Fusionless Surgery: PJK Predicting Factors in VEPTR Technique

Norberto Ventura, PhD, MD; Ana Ey, MD; Augusto Covaro, PhD; Inma Vilalta, PhD; Melisa Stitzman, PhD; Iago Garreta, PhD; David Bongiovanni, PhD

9:23

Free Paper #30: The Use of VEPTR for Treatment of Congenital Scoliosis without Fused Ribs

Jeffrey R. Sawyer, MD; Robert F. Murphy, MD; Alice Moisan, BSN; Derek M. Kelly, MD; William C. Warner, MD

9:35

Free Paper #31: Long-term Results Of Posterior Non-instrumented Fusion In Very Young Children With Congenital Hemivertebra

Martin Repko, Milan Filipovic, Milan Leznar, Jan Pesek, Otto Vlach

9:39

Free Paper #32: The Use of Spinal and Rib Based Distraction Systems in Early Onset Scoliosis Associated with Myelomeningocele

John T. Smith; John A. Heflin, MD; Paul Sponseller, MD; Larry Karlin, MD

9:43

Free Paper #33: The Use of Rib-Based Distraction in Dysplastic Early Onset Scoliosis associated with Neurofibromatosis

John T. Smith; John A. Heflin, MD; Michael G. Vitale, MD; Ron El-Hawary, MD; Randal Betz, MD

10:25 – 11:45

Session 6: Complications and Cases
Moderator: John Lonstein, MD

Aragon Ballroom II & III

10:25

Summary of Basic Science Studies

Brian Snyder, MD

10:45

Neurological Complications in EOS and Neuromonitoring Issues

Gerard Bollini, MD

11:00

Case Presentation: A Bad EOS Complication I have had or seen

Joe Perra, MD

11:05

Case Presentation: A Bad EOS Complication I have had or seen

Laurel Blakemore, MD

11:10

Case Presentation: A Bad EOS Complication I have had or seen

David Marks, FRCS

11:20

Long term followup of EOS fusions - average 32 year since surgery

John Lonstein, MD

11:30

When I use VEPTR vs. Growing Rod

John Emans, MD

12:40 – 1:20

Session 7: Free Papers: Complications
Moderator: Jeff Sawyer, MD

Aragon Ballroom II & III

12:40

Free Paper #34: Safety of Pedicle Screws for Pediatric Patients Younger than 10 Years Old: Analysis of 5024 Pedicle Screws

Takahito Fujimori, MD; Burt Yaszay; Carrie E. Bartley; Tracey P. Bastrom; Peter O. Newton, MD

12:44

Free Paper #35: Surgeon Practices Regarding Infection Prevention for Growth Friendly Spinal Procedures

Michael P. Glotzbecker, MD; Sumeet Garg, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Michael G. Vitale, MD, MPH; Tricia St Hilaire, MPH; Ajeya Joshi

12:48

Free Paper #36: Wound Complications of VEPTR Incisions

Sumeet Garg, MD; Jaren LaGreca, BA; Tricia St. Hilaire, BS; Dexiang Gao, PhD; Michael Glotzbecker, MD; Ying Li, MD; John T. Smith, MD; Jack M. Flynn, MD

1:00

Free Paper #37: Incidence of False Positive Spinal Cord Monitoring Alerts in Surgery for Early Onset Scoliosis

Oliver M. Stokes; Katherine Bowyer, BSc; Laura Goodger, BSc; Hossein Mehdian, MD, FRCS

1:04

Free Paper #38: Quality of Life and Burden of Care in Patients with Early Onset Scoliosis (EOS) Undergoing Casting

Hiroko Matsumoto; Evan Trupia, BS; Hasani Swindell, BS; Tara Flynn, BA; Jeff Pawelek, BS; Sumeet Garg, MD; Michael Glotzbecker, MD; David Roye, MD; James Sanders, MD; Peter Sturm, MD; Michael Vitale, MD, MPH

1:08

Free Paper #39: Is Neuromonitoring necessary for VEPTR expansion and implant exchanges in Early Onset Scoliosis?

John T. Smith; Man Hung, PhD

1:20-3:25

Session 8: Masters Technqiues, Tips and Tricks
Moderator: John Smith, MD

Aragon Ballroom II & III

1:20

Masters Technique – Casting

Jim Sanders, MD

1:30

Masters Technique – SHILLA

Rick Mccarthy, MD

1:37

Masters Technique – SHILLA

Scott Luhmann, MD

1:54

Masters Technique – Growing Rods

Behrooz Akbarnia, MD

2:04

Masters Technique – Rib Anchored Distraction Based Growing Rods

David Skaggs, MD

2:14

Masters Technique – MAGEC

Hillal Noordeen, FRCS

2:50

Masters Techniques: Anterior Tether

Peter Newton, MD

2:57

Masters Techniques: Anterior Tether

Amer Samdani, MD

3:14

Tips and Tricks

3:14

VCR Plus Growing Rod

John Emans, MD

3:19

How to start an EOS casting program?

Lindsay Andras, MD

3:24

Vertebral Column Lengthening with Open Wedge Osteotomy in Congenital Bars

Deszö Jeszensky, MD

3:29

Intra-operative Traction

Rick Schwend, MD

E-Poster #1: The Surgical Management of Spinal Deformity in Children with a Fontan Circulation: Development of a Treatment Algorithm
Scott Evans, MB ChB; Arul Ramasamy; David Marks; Jonathan Spilsbury; Andrew Tatman; Paul Miller; Adrian Gardner

Disclosures: Evans: None.  Ramasamy: None. Marks: None.  Spilsbury: None.  Tatman: None. Miller: None. Gardner: None.

E-Poster #2: The Evolution of Sagittal Alignment of the Spine on Sitting Position during Childhood
Saygin Kamaci; Halil Gokhan Demirkiran, MD; Altug Yucekul; Muharrem Yazici, MD

Disclosures: Kamaci: None. Demirkiran: None. Yucekul: None. Yazici: None.

E-Poster #3:   Combined Use of Transpedicular Enucleation and the Plate-Rod System for Scoliosis for Single-Stage Correction of Progressive Hemivertebral Scoliosis
Qibin Ye

Disclosures: Ye: None.

E-Poster #4: Quantifying Anesthesia Exposure in Growing Rod Treatment
Nima Kabirian, MD; Matthew J. Goldstein, MD; Jeff Pawelek, BS; Gregory M. Mundis Jr., MD; Burt Yaszay, MD; Peter O. Newton; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

Disclosures: Kabirian: None.  Goldstein: None. Pawelek: None. Mundis Jr. A ; NuVasive, DePuy, OREF. B; NuVasive, K2M. C; NuVasive, K2M. F; NuVasive, K2M. B. Yaszay A; DePuy, Harms Study Group. B; K2M, Orthopediatrics, DePuy, Medtronic. C; DePuy, K2M. F; Orthopediatrics, K2M. <b>P.O. NewtonA; DePuy, EOS Imaging, Orthopedic Research & Education Foundation, Pediatric Orthopedica Society of North America, Scoliosis Research Society, Harms Study Group Foundation, Setting Scoliosis Straight Foundation, Childrens Specialist Foundation. B; DePuy. C; DePuy. D; ElectroCore. F; DePuy, Theime Publishing. Akbarnia A; DePuy, NuVasive. B; NuVasive, K2M, Ellipse, K Spine. D; NuVasive, Ellipse, K Spine, Nocimed. F; DePuy, NuVasive. G. Study Group A; Growing Spine Foundation.

E-Poster #5: Strength of Pedicle Screws and the Rib Construct Against Kyphotic Pullout Forces - Modelling a Clinical Phenomenom
Richard H. Gross; Hai Yao, PhD; Gregory J. Wright, MS

Disclosures: Gross: None. Yao: None. Wright: None

E-Poster #6 : Spinal Hemiepiphysiodesis Using Typical Clinical Construct Retains Significant Spine Flexibility
Matthew T. Coombs; Max F. De Carvalho, MD; David L. Glos; Kim Jay, PhD; Eric J. Wall, MD; Donita I. Bylski-Austrow, PhD

Disclosures: Coombs: None. De Carvalho: None. Glos: None.  Jay: None.  Wall A; SpineForm LLC, donation of instruments for this study. B; OrthoPediatrics. D; SpineForm LLC. F;  SpineForm LLC, patent holder and royalty agreement via author’s institution.  Bylski-Austrow A; SpineForm, LLC, provided instruments for this study, DePuy Spine provided instruments for a different study. F; SpineForm, LLC, patent holder, royalty agreement via author's institution.

E-Poster #7 : Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod in Early Onset Scoliosis: Retrospective Review Focusing on Complications
Elena Maredi, MD; Konstantinos Martikos, MD; Francesco Lolli, MD; Mario Di Silvestre, MD; Andrea Baioni, MD; Tiziana Greggi, MD

Disclosures: Maredi: None. Martikos:one. Lolli: None. Di Silvestre: None. Baioni: None. Greggi: None.

E-Poster #:8: At What Levels are Free-Hand Pedicle Screws More Frequently Malpositioned in Children?
Mark Heidenreich, BS; Yaser M.K. Baghdadi, MD; Amy L. McIntosh, MD; William J. Shaughnessy, MD; Anthony A. Stans, MD; Mark B. Dekutoski, MD; A. Noelle Larson, MD

Disclosures: Heidenreich: None.M. Baghdadi: None. McIntosh: None. Shaughnessy: None. Stans: None. Dekutoski A; Medtronic; Stryker; DePuy, A Johnson & Johnson Company; Synthes. B; Medtronic. C; Medtronic. F; Medtronic. Larson: None.

E-Poster #9: FDA Prospective Clinical Trial on a Scoliosis Growth Modulation Clip/Screw Device. One-Year Results
Eric J. Wall, MD; Joseph E. Reynolds; Viral V. Jain, MD; Donita Bylski-Austrow, PhD; George H. Thompson, MD; Paul Samuels, MD; Sean J. Barnett, MD; Alvin H. Crawford, MD

Disclosures: Wall A; SpineForm LLC, US FDA, State of Ohio Third Frontier Program. B; OrthoPediatrics. D; SpineForm LLC. F; SpineForm LLC, OrthoPediatrics. J.E. ReynoldsA; SpineForm, LLC. B; SpineForm, LLC. D; SpineForm, LLC. E; SpineForm, LLC. F; SpineForm, LLC.  Jain B; Medtronics. Bylski-AustrowA; SpineForm, LLC, DePuy Spine. F; SpineForm, LLC.  Thompson E; Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Shrine Medical Advisory Board. P. Samuels A; Cardinal Health. Barnett B; Surgical Innovations, Nucleus Medical. E; Kaleidoscope. Crawford A; SpineForm, LLC. F; SpineForm, LLC.

E-Poster #10 : The Rate of Proxımal Junctıonal Kyphosıs in Dual Growıng Rod Treatment wıth Pedıcle Screws as Proxımal Anchor
Gokhan Demirkiran, MD; Saygın Kamacı, MD; Can Emre Bas, MD; Muharrem Yazici, MD

Disclosures: Demirkiran: None.  Kamac: None. Bas: None. Yazici: None.

E-Poster #11 : Pre-opeartive Hypercarbia and Length of Hospital Stay at Growing Device Implantation and Spine Fusion in Children with EOS
Gregory J. Redding, MD; Walter Krengel, MD; Viviana Bompadre, PhD; Klane White, MD

Disclosures: Redding: E; Editor, Pediatric Pulmonary Section, Up To Date. Krengel: None. Bompadre: None White: None.

E-Poster #12: Solution to VEPTR Iliac S-Rod Migration
Richard McCarthy, MD; Frances L. McCullough, MNSc

Disclosures: McCarthy: B; Medtronic C; Medtronic. McCullough: None.

E-Poster #13 : Does The Presence of a Gastrostomy Tube Improve Surgical Outcomes in Early Onset Scoliosis?
Klane K. White, MD, MSc; Viviana Bompadre, PhD; Adam Kreutzer; Courtney O'Donnell, MD; Gregory J. Redding, MD

Disclosures: White: None. Bompadre: None.  Kreutzer: None.  O'Donnell: None.  Redding: None.

E-Poster #14 : Biomechanical Analysis of Scoliosis Correction Using A Novel Fusionless Intravertebral Epiphyseal Device
Julien Clin, Ph.D.; Carl-Eric Aubin, Ph.D., P.Eng.; Stefan Parent

Disclosures:  Clin: None. Aubin A; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (Industrial Research Chair with Medtronic of Canada), Polytechnique Montreal Excellence Chair in Orthopedic Engineering. B; Medtronic. Parent A; Canadian Institutes in Health Research, OREF, Medtronic, DePuy Spine, EOS imaging, HARMS Study Group Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. B; Medtronic. D; Spinologics.

E-Poster #15: Asymmetrical Bracing for Early Onset Scoliosis - Early Results And Failures
John M. Wattenbarger, MD; Amy Street, CPO

Disclosures: Wattenbarger: None. Street: None.

E-Poster #16 : Reliability Analysis of Cobb Angle Measurements of Congenital Scoliosis Using X-ray and 3D-CT Images
Ryoji Tauchi; Taichi Tsuji; Toshiki Saito; Ayato Nohara; Shiro Imagama; Ajeya Joshi; David Roye, Jr; Michael Glotzbecker; Jeffrey Sawyer; John Heflin; John Flynn; John Smith; Norman Ramirez; Patrick Cahill; Ron El-Hawary; Noriaki Kawakami

Disclosures:  Tauchi: None. Tsuji: None. Saito: None.  Nohara: None.  Imagama: None.  Joshi A; Christus Santa Rosa. B; NuVasive. D; Alphatec. D. Roye, Jr A; SRS, POSNA, CPIRF, CWSDRF, OREF. B; Stryker M. Glotzbecker: None. Sawyer: None. J. Heflin B; Medtronic. Flynn: None. Smith B; DepuySynthes Spine. F; VEPTR2 DEVICE. Ramirez:None. Cahill B; Depuy Synthes Spine. C; DepuySynthes Spine. El-Hawary B; Depuy Synthes Spine, Medtronic, Halifax Biomedical Inc. Kawakami B; Medtronic, Depuy Synthes Spine.

E-Poster #17: The Use of Pedicle Screws for VEPTR fixation to the spine
Richard E. McCarthy, MD; Frances L. McCullough, MNSc

Disclosures:  McCarthy B; Medtronic. C; Medtronic. McCullough: None.

E-Poster #18: Withdrawn

E-Poster #19 : Evaluation of 18 patients with Caudal Regression Syndrome
Mehmet Bulent Balioglu, MD; Akif Albayrak, MD; Yunus Atici, MD; Deniz Kargin, MD; Mehmet Temel Tacal, MD; Avni İlhan Bayhan, MD; Mehmet Akif Kaygusuz, Prof. Dr.

Disclosures: Balioglu: None. Albayrak: None.  Atici: None. Kargin: None. Tacal: None. Bayhan: None.  Kaygusuz: None.

E-Poster #20: Surgery Improves Sitting in Surgically Treated Patients with Cerebral Palsy: A Prospective Analysis
Jahangir Asghar

Disclosures: J. Asghar A; Setting Scoliosis Straight. B;DePuy Spine.

E-Poster #21: Does All Growing Rod Graduates Need Final Fusion? A Ct Study of The Instrumented Unfused Segments
Hazem B. Elsebaie, FRCS, MD; Behrooz Akbarnia, MD

Disclosures:  Elsebaie B; K Spine, Ellipse. Akbarnia A; Depuy Synthes, NuVasive. B; NuVasive, Ellipse Technologies, K2M, K Spine. D; NuVasive, Ellipse Technologies, K Spine, Nocimed. F; Depuy-Synthes, NuVasive.

E-Poster #22: Modifications on Cervical Spine Sagittal Alignment after Magnetic Growing Rod Instrumentation. Is there a Correlation With Proximal Junctional Kyphosis?
Konstantinos Martikos, MD; Emanuela Pipitone; Francesco Lolli, MD; Elena Maredi, MD; Francesco Vommaro, MD; Andrea Baioni, MD; Mario Di Silvestre, MD; Stefano Giacomini, MD; Tiziana Greggi, MD

Disclosures: Martikos: None.  Pipitone: None. Lolli: None. Maredi: None.  Vommaro: None. Baioni: None. Di Silvestre: None. Giacomini: None. Greggi: None.

E-Poster #23 : The Biomechanics of Proximal Junctional Kyphosis
Richard H. Gross; Hai Yao, PhD

Disclosures: Gross: None. Yao: None.

E-Poster #24: Scoliosis Surgery with hybrid system in Osteogenesis Imperfecta
KOKI UNO, MD,PhD; Teppei Suzuki, MD,PhD

Disclosures:  Uno C; Depuy Synthes, Surgical Spine Suzuki: None.