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ICEOS

6th International Congress on Early Onset Scoliosis (ICEOS)
November 15-16, 2012

6:45

Group Buffet Breakfast
Exhibits Open with Coffee

Clyde Court Restaurant
Clyde Court Hotel Lobby

7:30

Session 1: Instructional Lectures –“Fundamentals” Grosvenor Suite

Moderator: Ahmet Alanay, MD

7:35

Session 5: Papers -Classification/Assessment/Secondary Effects
Moderator: L. Blakemore, MD

Grosvenor Suite

7:35

Growth of the Spine and Thorax

Alain Dimeglio, MD

7:50

Assessment of Pulmonary Problems in EOS

Gregory Redding, MD

8:05

Summary of Animal Models for TIS

Brian Snyder, MD

8:20

Discussion

 

8:35

IEOS- When to Start and Stop Casting and Bracing

James Sanders, MD

8:50

Decision-making on Tandem Connectors

David Skaggs, MD

9:05

Classification and Outcomes in EOS

Michael Vitale, MD, PhD

9:55

Session 2: Free Papers: Pulmonary /Growth/ Follow up
Moderator: Rolf Riise, MD

Grosvenor Suite

9:55

Free Paper #1: Respiratory Muscle Strength in Early Onset Scoliosis

Gregory J. Redding

9:59

Free Paper #2: Pulmonary Compliance and EDF Casting - a Follow up Study

Cody Shafer, M.S.: Robin Decoursey Jenson, M.D.; Andrew Stasic, M.D.; Stephen Dierdorf, M.D.; Deann Martin, RN., MSN; Shyam Kishan, M.D.

10:03

Free Paper #3: Three Dimensional Kinematic Analysis of Regional Chest Wall Motion and Volume Changes During Respiration in Healthy Children

Charles R. d'Amato, M.D, FRCSC; K. Patrick Do, BS; Jing Feng, PhD; Rosemary Pierce, P.T.; Michael Aiona, MD; Lee Taylor, MD

10:07

Discussion

 

10:15

Free Paper #4: EDF Casting preserves Pulmonary Compliance in Early Onset Scoliosis - A Preliminary Report

Robin Decoursey Jenson, M.D.; Cody Shafer, M.S. 1; Andrew Stasic, M.D.; Stephen Dierdorf, M.D.; Deann Martin, RN., MSN; Shyam Kishan, MD

10:19

Free Paper #5: Modeling Thoracic Volume to Predict Pulmonary Function in Scoliosis Deformity

David Polly Jr., MD; Benjamin Rosenstein; Charles Ledonio, MD; A. Noelle Larson, MD; David Nuckley, PhD

10:23

Free Paper #6: Coupled Symmetry and Proportional Expansion of the Ribs through Adolescence

Richard M. Schwend, MD; Laurel C. Blakemore, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Julie Reigrut, MS; John Schmidt, PhD

10:27

Discussion

 

10:35

Free Paper #7: The Effect of Rib-Based Distraction Surgery on Spine Growth

Ron El-Hawary, MD, MSc, FRCS(C); Michael Vitale; Amer Samdani; John Heflin; Melissa Smith; Jennie Wade; Joshua Klatt; John Smith

10:39

Free Paper #8: Prediction of Thoracic Dimensions and Spine Length Based On Individual Pelvic Dimensions: Validation Of The Use Of Pelvic Width Obtained With Radiographs

Michael Glotzbecker, MD; Michael Dombek; Meryl Gold; John Emans, MD

10:43

Free Paper #9: Biomechanical Evaluation of 4 Different Foundation Constructs Commonly Used in Growing Spine Surgery: Are Rib Anchors Comparable to Spine Anchors?

Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Burt Yaszay, MD; Muharrem Yazici, MD; Nima Kabirian, MD; Kevin R. Strauss, ME; Diana Glaser, PhD; Complex Spine Study Group

10:47

Discussion

 

10:55

Free Paper #10: The Classification for Early Onset Scoliosis (C-EOS) Predicts Timing of VEPTR Anchor Failure

Michael G. Vitale, MD, MPH; Daren J. McCalla, BS; Hiroko Matsumoto, MA; Howard Y. Park, BA; Wajdi W. Kanj, BS; David P. Roye, MD; Randal R. Betz, MD; Patrick J. Cahill, MD; Michael P. Glotzbecker, MD; Scott J. Luhmann, MD; Sumeet Garg, MD; Jeffrey R. Sawyer, MD; John T. Smith, MD; John M. Flynn, MD

10:59

Free Paper #11: Is Casting for Infantile Scoliosis Better Than The Natural History?

John R. Faust, MD; Caleb J. Behrend, MD; Paul T. Rubery, MD; James O. Sanders, MD

11:03

Free Paper #12: A New Classification System to Report Complications in Growing Spine Surgery. A Multicenter Consensus Study

John T. Smith; Charles Johnston, MD; David Skaggs, MD; John Flynn, MD; Michael Vitale, MD; Michael Vitale, MD

11:07

Discussion

 

11:15

Free Paper #13: The Early-Onset Scoliosis 24 Item Questionnaire (EOSQ-24) Reflects Changes in Quality of Life and Parental Burden after Growing Rod Surgery

Hiroko Matsumoto, MA; Daren J. McCalla, BS; Howard Y. Park, BA; Julie Y. Yoshimachi, BA; David P. Roye, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; John B. Emans, MD; David L. Skaggs, MD; John T. Smith, MD; Michael Vitale

11:19

Free Paper #14: Recommendations for Patients and Families After Growing Rod Surgery: Surgeon Agreement on Post-operative Care

Nima Kabirian, MD; Gregory M. Mundis, MD; Patricia Kostial, RN, BSN; Burt Yaszay, MD; Jayla Kyaw, BS; Jeff B. Pawelek; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD

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11:23

Free Paper #15: Analysis of Percentile Weight Changes in Failure to Thrive Children undergoing Growing Rod Insertion

Darren F. Lui; Martin Kelly; Francis O'Neill; Anna Walsh; Frances McDevitt; Jacques Noel; Pat Kiely

11:27

Discussion

 

11:35

Group Buffet Lunch

Clyde Court Restaurant

12:30

Company Supported / Company Directed Non-CME Workshops

 

11:40

The Great Debate: Single vs. Dual Rod Derotation Utilizing the DeRoduction Technique
Supported by: Biomet
Invited Faculty: David Skaggs, MD and Michael Vitale, MD, MPH

Room: Herbert Suite

 

Correcting Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Featuring MESA and Rail 4D Technology
Supported by: K2M
Invited Faculty: Richard Schwend, MD and Michael Mendelow, MD

Room: Grosvenor Room

 

Shilla™ Growth Guidance System: Appropriate Indications and Surgical Techniques Supported by: Medtronic
Invited faculty: Richard McCarthy, MD

Room: Pembroke Suite

1:30

Walking Break

 

1:40 – 2:45

Session 3: Congenital Spine Deformity
Moderator: Hilali Noordeen, MD

Grosvenor Suite

1:40

The Effect of Pedicle Screw Application on Vertebral Growth in Young Children: Controversy between Animal Studies and Clinical Applications

Muharrem Yazici, MD

1:50

Congenital Kyphosis type 2 and Congenital Dislocation of Spine

Gerard Bollini, MD

2:00

Discussion

 

2:10

Selection and Timing of Surgery in Congenital Scoliosis

John Emans, MD

2:25

Use of VEPTR for Congenital Spine Deformity

Carol Hasler, MD

2:35

Sternal Spread and Rib Procedures for Jeune & Like Dysplasias

Damien McCormick, MD

2:45

Discussion

 

2:55 – 3:10

Refreshment Break & Exhibit Viewing

Clyde Court Hotel Lobby

3:10 – 4:00

Session 4: Free Papers: Casting/Bracing/Miscellaneous
Moderator: Richard Schwend, MD

Grosvenor Suite

3:10

Free Paper #16: Factors Predicting the Cobb angle after Casting for Progressive Infantile Scoliosis

John Faust, MD; Caleb Behrend, MD; Albert E. Sanders, MD; Paul Rubery, MD; James O. Sanders, MD

3:14

Free Paper #17: Bracing for Scoliosis and Trunk Deformity in Children Affected by Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Paolo Fraschini, MD; Elena Todeschini, MD; Franco Antoniazzi, MD; Piercarlo Brunelli; Marco Teli, MD

3:18

Free Paper #18: Management of Early Onset Neuromuscular Scoliosis with Segmental Self-Growing Rod Constructs

Hossein Mehdian; Jonathan Clamp; Ben Boreham; Tim Hammett; Nasir Quraishi

3:22

Discussion

 

3:30

Free Paper #19: Limited Anterior Spinal Fusion: An Effective Strategy in Controlling Progressive Early Onset Scoliosis

Shoji Seki; Carrie Bartley; Burt Yaszay; Peter Newton

3:34

Free Paper #20: Safety and Efficacy of Growing Rod Following Kyphectomy In Myelomeningocele with Kyphosis

Can Emre Bas; Gokhan Demirkiran; caglar yilgor; Mehmet Ayvaz; Muharrem Yazici

3:38

Free Paper #21: Early Onset Spinal Abnormalities, Treatment, and Complications in Loeys-Dietz Syndrome

Sara K. Fuhrhop, BS; Mark J. McElroy, MS; Harry C. Dietz, MD; Paul D. Sponseller, MD

3:42

Discussion

 

3:50– 5:15

Ask the Faculty Case Discussions with Wine & Cheese (“My best, worst and puzzling cases”)
Attendees bring their own cases to discuss; faculty have store of instructive cases (3 groups)

Room 1: Grosvenor Suite
Moderator: Rolf Riise, MD
Faculty: Drs. Redding, Skaggs and Vitale

Room 2: Pembroke Suite
Moderator: Brian Snyder, MD
Faculty: Drs. Emans, McCarthy and Yazici

Room 3: Herbert Suite
Moderator: Charles Johnston, MD
Faculty: Drs. Bollini, Sponseller and Wall

 

5:20

Adjourn

 

6:45

Group Buffet Breakfast
Exhibits Open with Coffee

Clyde Court Restaurant
Clyde Court Hotel Lobby

7:30 – 8:30

Company-Supported / Company Directed Non-CME Workshops

Moderator: Ahmet Alanay, MD

 

An Introduction to MAGEC™ -Revolutionizing Growing Rod Surgery
Supported by: Ellipse Technologies
Invited Faculty: Behrooz Akbarnia, MD and Hilali Noordeen, FRCS

Room: Herbert Suite

 

Correcting Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Featuring MESA and Rail 4D Technology
Supported by: K2M
Invited Faculty: Richard Schwend, MD and Michael Mendelow, MD

Room: Grosvenor Suite

 

New Concepts for the Treatment of Complex Spinal Deformity in Patients with Neuromuscular Diseases
Supported by: DePuy Synthes
Invited Faculty: Randy Betz, MD, Paul Sponseller, MD and David Marks, FRCS

Room: Pembroke Suite

8:30 – 8:35

Walking Break

 

8:35 – 10:10

Session 5: Free Papers: Instrumentation/Techniques
Moderator: Koki Uno, MD

Grosvenor Suite

8:35

Free Paper #22: Shilla vs. Growing Rods: Growth and Complications

Lindsay Andras, MD; Elizabeth R.A. Joiner, BS; Richard E. McCarthy, MD; Scott Luhmann, MD; David Skaggs

8:39

Free Paper #23: A Comparison of SHILLA’S GROWTH GUIDANCE SYSTEM and Growing Rods in the Treatment of Spinal Deformity in Children Less than 10 Years of Age

Scott J. Luhmann, MD; Rick E. McCarthy, MD

8:43

Free Paper #24: 5 year Follow-up on 40 Patients with Original Shilla Procedure

Richard E. McCarthy, MD; Frances L. McCullough, MNSc

8:47

Discussion

 

8:55

Free Paper #25: The Impact of Revision of One or Both Non-fusion Spinal Rods on the Re-fracture Rate And Implant Survival, Following Rod Fracture

Michael David; Adrian Gardner; Toby Jennison; Jonathan Spilsbury; David Marks

8:59

Free Paper #26: Correction and Complications in the Treatment of EOS: Is There a Difference Between Spine vs. Rib-based Proximal Anchors?

Michael G. Vitale, MD, MPH; Howard Y. Park, BA; Hiroko Matsumoto, MA; Daren J. McCalla, BS; David P. Roye, MD; David L. Skaggs, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD

9:03

Free Paper #27: Are Proximal Rib Anchors Protective Against Rod Breakage in Distraction-Based Growing Rods?

Kent Yamaguchi Jr., BA; David Skaggs, MD; Shaun Mansour; Julia Levitan; Karen S. Myung, MD, PhD; Muharram Yazici, MD; Charles Johnston, MD; George Thompson, MD; Paul Sponseller, MD; Behrooz Akbarnia, MD; Michael Vitale, MD

9:07

Discussion

 

9:15

Free Paper #28: Simultaneous Vertebral Column Resection and Growing Rods for Severe Early Onset Spinal Deformity

John B. Emans, MD; Peter Newton, MD

9:19

Free Paper #29: Transverse Process Hooks at Upper Instrumented Vertebra Provide a More Gradual Transition to Normal Motion in Long Posterior Spinal Fusion Constructs

Dinesh Thawrani, MD; Peter Sturm, MD; David Glos, BS; Matthew Coombs, MS; Donita I. Bylski-Austrow, PhD

9:23

Free Paper #30: Treatment of Flexible Scoliosis in Children with the Ellipse Magec Rod in Combination with VEPTR Fixation

Anna K. Prof. Dr. Hell; Constantinos Tsaknakis, M.D.; Heiko Dr. Lorenz, M.D.; Esther Dr. Freifrau von Richthofen, M.D.

9:27

Discussion

 

9:35

Free Paper #31: A Prospective Clinical Trial of a Scoliosis Growth Modulation Clip/Screw Device: Initial Safety Results

Eric Wall, MD; Joseph E. Reynolds, BSE, MBA; Viral V. Jain, MD; Donita I. Bylski-Austrow, PhD; Andrea Ferris, BS; Paul Samuels, MD; Maria Alonso, MD; Alvin H. Crawford, MD

9:39

Free Paper #32: The Effect Of Dual Growing Rod Instrumentation On The Apical Vertebral Rotation In Early Onset Idiopathic Scoliosis

Vusal Ismayilov; Gokhan Demirkiran; Saygin Kamaci; Muharrem Yazici

9:43

Free Paper #33: Effects of Growing Instrumentation on Endothoracic Deformity in Early-Onset Scoliosis Utilizing the Spinal Penetration Index

Ryan D. Muchow, MD; Charles E. Johnston, MD; Anna McClung, BSN, RN

9:55 – 10:25

Refreshment Break & Exhibit Viewing

Clyde Court Hotel Lobby

10:25 – 11:45

Session 6: Surgical Decision-making
Moderator: David Marks, FRCS

Grosvenor Suite

10:25

Keynote Address Introduction

Behrooz Akbarnia, MD

10:30

Keynote Address: New and Forgotten Growth Modulation Strategies for the Growing Child with Spine Deformity

Randal R. Betz MD

10:50

How I Decide on GR vs. VEPTR

John Emans, MD

11:05

Self-lengthening- When and why: Shilla Luque Trolley
MCGR (MAGEC)
MCGR (Phenix)

Richard McCarthy, MD
Hilali Noordeen, FRCS
Ian Torode, MD

11:30

VEPTR for Myelokyphosis: Technique and Results

John Smith, MD

11:40

Discussion

 

11:55 – 12:50

Group Buffet Lunch

Clyde Court Restaurant

12:50 – 1:45

Session 7: Free Papers: Surgical Decision-making
Moderator: John Smith, MD

Grosvenor Suite

12:50

Free Paper #34: The Recognition, Incidence and Management of Spinal Cord Monitoring Alerts in Early Onset Scoliosis Surgery

Jonathan H. Phillips, MD; Denise Lopez, MSN, ARNP; Dennis R. Knapp, MD; Jose Herrera-Soto, MD

12:54

Free Paper #35: Vertebral Growth Reductions after Spinal Hemiepiphysiodesis as Determined by Histomorphometry Are Lower than Predicted by Finite Element Model with Linear Stress-Growth Relationship

Donita I. Bylski-Austrow; Bharathwaj Kumar; Eric Wall, MD

12:58

/UserFiles/iceos/2012/fri/1258 FREE PAPER 36.pptx

Matthew T. Coombs; David L. Glos; Jay Kim; Eric J. Wall, MD; Donita I. Bylski-Austrow

1:02

Discussion

 

1:10

Free Paper #37: What Do Coronal Flexibility Films Really Tell Us About the Treatment of Idiopathic Early Onset Scoliosis Patients Using Growing Rods?

Burt Yaszay, MD; Nima Kabirian, MD; Jeff B. Pawelek; Tracey Bastrom, MA; John Emans, MD; George H. Thompson, MD; Gregory M. Mundis, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

1:14

Free Paper #38: EOS-Imaging System is Available for Early-onset Scoliosis Patients and Can Reduce Their Ionizing Radiation Exposure

Burt Yaszay, MD; Nima Kabirian, MD; Gregory M. Mundis, MD; Jeff B. Pawelek; Carrie E. Bartley, MA; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD

1:18

Free Paper #39: Does the Appearance and Rater Reliability of the Triradiate Cartilage and Risser Sign Differ on Pelvis versus Scoliosis Radiographs?

Senthil T. Nathan, MD; Eric J. Wall, MD; Emily Eismann, MS; Viral V. Jain, MD; Alvin H. Crawford, MD; Peter F. Sturm, MD

1:22

Discussion

 

1:30-3:25

Session 8: Power Summaries
Moderator: Michael Glotzbecker, MD

Room: Grosvenor Room

1:30

Growing Rods for Neuromuscular Spine Deformity

Paul Sponseller, MD

1:40

Management of Infection in Growing Rods vs VEPTR

Michael Vitale, MD, PhD

1:50

Discussion

 

1:55

Update on Hemibridge

Eric Wall, MD

2:05

Growth Modulation Methods other than Staples - Tethers, Rib Resection/ Lengthening, from Experimental to Clinical

Charles Johnston, MD

2:15

Discussion

 

2:20

The Proximal Foundation-placement and Anchor Types

David Marks, FRCS

2:30

Discussion

 

2:35

Bracing for EOS: Kalabis, Garches, Turnbuckle

Francisco Perez-Grueso, MD

2:45

Management of Severe Lung Disease (both perioperative and long term): Vests, Bipap/Cpap, when is Trach indicated Pre-op /Prophylactic, Pulmonary "exercise" Pre-op in Traction or Out

Gregory Redding, MD

2:30

Discussion

 

3:05

Adjourn

 

E-Poster 1: Validation of EOS 3D Reconstruction Accuracy against CT
Diana A. Glaser, PhD; Josh Doan, MS; Peter Newton, MD

E-Poster 2: Correlation and Reproducibility of 2D and 3D Spinal Measurements
Diana A. Glaser; Christy Farnsworth, MS; Josh Doan, MS; Peter Newton, MD

E-Poster 3: Scoliosis after Chest Wall Resection
Michael Glotzbecker, MD; Timothy Hresko, MD; Mark Puder, MD

E-Poster 4: Some Connectors in Distraction Based Growing Rods Fail More than Others
David Skaggs, MD; Karen Myung, MD, PhD; Christopher Lee

E-Poster 5: Analysis of the Neurocentral Junction (NCJ) in the Normal Infantile, Juvenile and Adolescent Spine
Tom P. Schlösser; Michiel M. Janssen, MD, PhD; Hamid Attrach, MD; Max Viergever, PhD; Koen L. Vincken, PhD; René M. Castelein, MD, PhD

E-Poster 6: Bilateral Rib-Based Distraction to the Pelvis for the Management of Congenital Gibbus Deformity in the Growing Child
John T. Smith, MD; Jennie Mickelsen, BS

E-Poster 7: Determination of Reference Values for Spinal Posture in Children
Thimm Furian, MD; Walter Rapp, PhD; Marcel Betsch, MD

E-Poster 8: Grading System for the Severity of Progression in Patients with Congenital Scoliosis associated with Unilateral Rib Anomalies during Growth Period
Noriaki Kawakami, MD, DMSc; Taichi Tsuji; Haruhisa Yanagida, MD; Koki Uno, MD; Morio Matsumoto, MD; Kota Watanabe, MD; Takuya Yamamoto; Toru Hirano, MD; Hiroshi Taneichi, MD; Ken Yamazaki, MD; Kenta Fujiwara, MD

E-Poster 9: Pediatric Pedicle Screw Placement Using Intraoperative CT and 3D Image-Guided Navigation
A. Noelle Larson, MD; David W. Polly, Jr., MD; Edward R. G. Santos, MD; Charles G.T. Ledonio, MD; Jonathan N. Sembrano, MD; Cary H. Mielke, MD; Kenneth J. Guidera, MD

E-Poster 10: Prevalence of Intra-operative Tissue Cultures in Posterior Pediatric Spinal Deformity Surgery
Sreeharsha Nandyala, Medical Student; Richard Michael Schwend, MD

E-Poster 11: Navigation and 3D Image-Guided Placement of Pedicle Screws in Congenital Spine Deformity
A. Noelle Larson; David W. Polly, Jr., MD; Kenneth J. Guidera, MD; Cary H. Mielke, MD; Edward R.G. Santos, MD; Charles G.T. Ledonio, MD; Jonathan N. Sembrano, MD

E-Poster 12: Complications of Veptr Instrumentation for Progressive Spine Deformities in Young Children without Rib Fusions- A Review of 30 Cases
Norberto Ventura, MD, PHD; Anna Ey Batlle, MD; Imma Vilalta, MD

E-Poster 13: Management of EOS by Proximal Fixation with 4 Rib Construct
Alaa A. Ahmad, MD; Richard H. Gross, MD

E-Poster 14: The Value of Flexibility Radiographs in Predicting Coronal Curve Correction Following Growing Rod Surgery
Burt Yaszay, MD; Jeff Pawelek, BS; Nima Kabirian, MD; Tracey Bastrom, MA; John B. Emans, MD; George H. Thompson, MD; Richard E. McCarthy, MD; Gregory M. Mundis, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD

E-Poster 15: How Risky is Instrumenting to Pelvis in Ambulatory Early Onset Scoliosis Treated with Growth Sparing Surgery?
Burt Yaszay, MD; Nima Kabirian, MD; Jeff Pawelek, BS; John B. Emans, MD; Charles E. Johnston, MD; Suken A. Shah, MD; Gregory M. Mundis, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

E-Poster 16: Hemoglobin Levels in Patients with Early Onset Scoliosis Treated with Growing Rods
Karen Myung, MD; Christopher Lee, BS; Eric Wall, MD; Viral Jain, MD; Suken A. Shah, MD; Charles E. Johnston, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; David L. Skaggs, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

E-Poster 17: Analysis of Radiation Exposure Reduction after Implementing Multidetector CT in an Early Onset Scoliosis Treatment Algorithm
Ajeya P. Joshi, MD; Alicia A. DiGiammarino; Ping-Sun Keven Chen, MD, PhD; Roberto J. Fajardo, PhD; James W. Simmons, Do, PhD; Davin Cordell, MD

E-Poster 18: The Effect of Early Fusion for Early Onset Scoliosis. Comparison between 43 Early Fusion Cases and 39 Dual Growing Rod Cases
Koki Uno; Noriaki Kawakami; Teppei Suzuki; Taichi Tsuji; Morio Matsumoto; Toru Hirano; Manabu Ito; Katsushi Takeshita; Ken Yamazaki; Sohei Minami; Takuya Yamamoto

E-Poster 19: Sagittal Balance in Thoracolumbar or Lumbar Congenital Spinal Deformity with A Minimum 10-year Follow-up after Surgery
Teppei Suzuki; Koki Uno; Hiroshi Miyamoto; Yoshihiro Inui; Noriaki Kawakami; Taichi Tsuji

E-Poster 20: Placement of Pedicle Screws in Children ≤ 10 Years Using Navigation and Intraoperative CT
A. Noelle Larson, MD; David W. Polly, Jr., MD; Ken J. Guidera, MD; Cary H. Mielke, MD; Edward R. G. Santos, MD; Charles G.T. Ledonio, MD; Jonathan N. Sembrano, MD

E-Poster 21: Computational Model of Spinal Hemiepiphysiodesis: Implant-Bone Contact, Initial Disc Wedging, and Growth
Bharathwaj Kumar; Donita I. Bylski-Austrow; Yijun J. Liu; Eric J. Wall, MD

E-Poster 22: Spinal Surgeries in Patients Who Have Neurofibromatosis at 10 Years Old or Younger
Sayaka Hamamura; Koki Uno; Teppei Suzuki

E-Poster 23: Growing Rods in Severe Neuromuscular Juvenile Scoliosis
Martin Repko, Assoc. Prof., MD, PhD; Milan Filipovic, MD, PhD

E-Poster 24: Surgical Treatment of Early Onset Scoliosis Associated with Rare Diseases
Francesco Lolli; Elena Maredi; Konstantinos Martikos; Francesco Vommaro; Elisa Babbi; Paola Capra; Mario Di Silvestre; Alfredo Cioni; Stefano Giacomini; Tiziana Greggi

E-Poster 25: Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring Strategies in Adolescent Idiopathic and Neuromuscular Scoliosis
Francesca Pastorelli; Mario Di Silvestre; Francesco Lolli; Francesco Vommaro; Elena Maredi; Konstantinos Martikos; Tiziana Greggi

E-Poster 26: Treatment of Spinal Fractures in Pediatric Age: Long-term Results
Francesco Lolli; Francesco Vommaro; Mario Di Silvestre; Angelo Toscano; Alessio Biazzo; Stefano Giacomini; Tiziana Greggi

E-Poster 27: Evaluation of Syndromic Spinal Deformities
Mehmet B. Balioglu, MD; Mehmet T. Tacal, MD; Akif Albayrak, MD; Secil S. Sakızlıoglu, MD

E-Poster 28: A Novel Infralaminar Hook and Rod System for Correction Surgeries in Idiopathic Scoliosis: Preliminary Description of 1508 Cases
Jens Richolt; Aleksandr Laka

E-Poster 29: Evaluation of Patients with Early Onset Scoliosis
Mehmet B. Balioglu, MD; Mehmet T. Tacal, MD; Akif Albayrak, MD; Secil S. Sakizlioglu, MD

E-Poster 30: Pulmonary Function during Corrective Cast Treatment for EOS (Early Onset Scoliosis). - Evaluation of SaO2 Using Pulse Oximeter - Pilot Study
Taichi Tsuji, MD DMSc; Noriaki Kawakami, MD DMSc; Toshiki Saito, MD DMSc; Ayato Nohara, MD; Kazuyoshi Miyasaka, MD DMSc; Tetsuya Ohara, MD; Yoshitaka Suzuki, MD DMSc; Ryo Sugawara, MD

E-Poster 31: Pulmonary function in Patients with Early Onset Scoliosis Undergoing Treatment with Growing Rods
Farhaan Altaf; Fady Sedra; Hilali Noordeen; Behrooz Akbarnia, MD

E-Poster 32: Thoracic Growth and Pulmonary Function after Growing Transpedicular Instrumentation
Andriy Mezentsev; Dmytro Petrenko; Andriy Mangov

E-Poster 33: A New Alternative Design for Vertical Expandable Prosthetic Titanium Rib
Akif Albayrak; Mehmet Bulent Balioglu, MD; Mehmet Temel Tacal, MD; Sami Sokucu, MD

E-Poster 34: Costal Distraction System can be an Alternative for Growing Rod System
Mehmet Temel Tacal, MD; Mehmet Bulent Balioglu, MD; Akif Albayrak, MD

E-Poster 35: Severe Scoliosis with Intra Spinal Pathologies|
Mehmet T. Tacal, MD; Mehmet B. Balioglu, MD; Akif Albayrak, MD

E-Poster 36: Escobar Syndrome (Multiple Pterygium Syndrome) and Thoracic Kyphoscoliosis
Mehmet B. Balioglu, MD; Mehmet T. Tacal, MD; Akif Albayrak, MD

E-Poster 37: Anterior and Posterior Spinal Arthrodesis with Pedicle Screw Instrumentation for Thoracolumbar Kyphosis in Children with Mucopolysaccaridosis
Enrique Garrido; Christopher Adams

E-Poster 38: Defining Thoracic Kyphosis in Patients with Pectus Excavatum
Elizabeth A. Berdan, MD; A Noelle N. Larson, MD; Daniel A. Saltzman, MD PhD; David Jr., MD W. Polly, Jr., MD

E-Poster 39: Treatment and Related Complications for Patients with EOS
Mehmet B. Balioglu, MD; Mehmet T. Tacal, MD; Akif Albayrak, MD

E-Poster 40: Prevalence of Early Onset Spinal Abnormalities in Loeys-Dietz Syndrome
Sara K. Fuhrhop, BS; Mark J. McElroy, MS; Harry C. Dietz, MD; Paul D. Sponseller, MD

E-Poster 41: Growing Spine Profiler-A New Device in the Treatment of Progressive Spinal Deformities, Early Results
Daniel Zarzycki, MD, PhD; Tomasz Potaczek, MD

E-Poster 42: Prevalence of Intrathecal Anomalies in Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis
Benjamin D. Martin; Jaime R. Denning, MD; Jennifer C. Laine, MD; Charles E. Johnston, MD; Anna M. McClung, BSN, RN

E-Poster 43: Comparison of Results of Surgical Treatment of Congenital Spinal and Thorax Deformities In Skeletally Immature Patients Using Two Different ”Growing” Implants
Tomasz Potaczek, MD; Daniel Zarzycki, MD, PhD; Slawomir Duda, MD

E-Poster 44: Scoliosis in Rett Syndrome - Natural History and Surgical Treatment
Tomasz Potaczek, MD; Daniel Zarzycki, MD, PhD; Slawomir Duda, MD

E-Poster 45: Impact of In-Vivo Rotational Device in the Growth Modulation of Rat Tail
John G. Thometz, MD; Xue C Liu, MD., Ph.D; Robert Rizza, PhD

E-Poster 46: Scoliosis, Pectus, and Combined Deformity Modeling to Predict Functional Outcomes
Elizabeth Berdan, MD; Hanna Naegeli; Noelle Larson, MD; David W. Polly, Jr., MD; David J. Nuckley, PhD

E-Poster 47: Congenital Scoliosis Riyad Experiece
Mohammad D. Alfawareh, MD; Walid Attia, MD; Mohammad Halawani, MD; Khaled Almusrea, MD

E-Poster 48: Distraction-Growth Guided Technique (DGG) for Lumbar Curve Deformity in Immature Progressive Scoliosis
Katsuki Kono; Nobumasa Suzuki

E-Poster 49: Innovations in Early Onset Scoliosis Casting
Nigel J. Price, MD