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ICEOS

5th International Congress on Early Onset Scoliosis (ICEOS)
November 18-19, 2011

6:45 am

Registration Opens
Breakfast & Exhibit Viewing

Floridian Ballroom Foyer
Floridian Ballroom EF

7:35 – 9:30

Session 1: Instructional Lectures
Moderator: B. Akbarnia, MD

Floridian Ballroom ABC

7:30

Welcome & Course Overview

B. Akbarnia, MD & C. Johnston, MD

7:35

Lung Growth, Development and Physiology

G. Redding, MD

7:50

Anesthetic Considerations in Children Under 5

K. Bender, MD

8:05

What’s New in Neurosurgical Management of Neural Tube Defects, Tethering, Syrinx, Chiari

A. Samdani, MD

8:20

Discussion

 

8:35

Management of Specific Genetic Disorders and Syndromes

P. Sponseller, MD

8:50

New Understanding of TIS

R. Campbell, MD

9:05

Discussion

 

9:20– 9:45

Refreshment Break & Exhibit Viewing

Floridian Ballroom EF

9:45 – 11:35

Session 2: Surgical Techniques
Moderator: S. Shah, MD

Floridian Ballroom

9:45

MAGEC

B. Akbarnia, MD

10:00

Phenix

I. Torode, MD

10:15

Discussion

 

10:23

Shilla Update

R. McCarthy, MD

10:38

How I Make Hybrid Constructs

D. Skaggs, MD

10:53

Discussion

 

11:01

Anchor Strategies and Management of Displaced Anchors

M. Yazici, MD

11:16

Modern Luque Trolley

J. Ouellet, MD

11:31

Discussion

 

11:40

Walking Break

 

11:45am – 12:30pm

Lunch in Exhibit Hall

Floridian Ballroom DEF

12:30 – 1:30

Session 3: CME Workshops

 
 

HV Resection Techniques Moderators: Drs. Bollini, Newton

Room: Flagler/Gilchrist

 

Syndromic EOS with RoundTable Moderators: Drs. Goldberg, Johnston, Skaggs, Sponseller

Room: Hamilton/Indian River

 

VEPTR Update Moderators: Drs. Emans, Smith

Room: Jackson

 

Cervical Spine Instrumentation Techniques Moderators: Drs. Shah and Ouellet

Room: Palm Beach

1:30 – 1:45

Refreshment Break & Exhibit Viewing

Floridian Ballroom EF

1:45 -3:05

Session 4: Papers - Casting, Pulmonary, Radiation and Models
Moderator: B. Snyder, MD

Floridian Ballroom ABC

1:45

Paper #1: The Role of Serial Casting in Early Onset Scoliosis

Jeannie Huh, MD; David M. Baulesh, BA; Timothy Judkins, MD; Sumeet Garg, MD; Nancy H. Miller, MD; Mark A. Erickson, MD

1:49

Paper #2: Analysis of the Neurocentral Junction (NCJ) in the Normal Infantile, Juvenile and Adolescent Spine

Tom P. Schlösser; Michiel M. Janssen, MD, PhD; Hamid Attrach, MD; Max Viergever, PhD; Koen L. Vincken, PhD; René M. Castelein, MD, PhD

1:53

Paper #3: Detorsion Night-time Brace for the Treatment of Idiopathic Early Onset Scoliosis

Brice Ilharreborde; Sebastien Moreau; Keyvan Mazda

1:57

Discussion

 

2:05

*Paper #4: Casting for Early Onset Scoliosis: The Pitfall of Increased Peak Inspiratory Pressure
*Nominated for Best Paper Award

Arjun A. Dhawale, MD; Suken A. Shah, MD; Samantha Reichard; Laurens Holmes, PhD, DrPH; Robert Brislin, DO; Kenneth Rogers, ATC, PhD; William G. Mackenzie, MD,FRCSC

2:09

Paper #5: Obstructive Lung Disease in Patients with Congenital and Syndromic Scoliosis

Gary McPhail; R. Paul Boesch; Robert Wood; Viral Jain; Steven Agabegi; Eric Wall; Alvin Crawford; Peter Sturm

2:13

Paper #6: Pulmonary Function Outcomes in Early Onset Scoliosis, Non-operative versus Operative Patients

Charles E. Johnston, MD; Anna McClung; Scott Paradise

2:17

Discussion

 

2:25

*Paper #7: Is There a Significant Increase in Thoracic Height after Growing Rod Surgery for Early Onset Scoliosis?
*Nominated for Best Paper Award

Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Nima Kabirian, MD; Jeff B. Pawelek, BS; Daniel Zhang, BS; Gregory J. Redding, MD; John B. Emans, MD; Suken A. Shah, MD; Charles E. Johnston, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

2:29

*Paper #8: Scoliosis Creation By Growth Modulation Of The Chest Cage In A Fetal Ovine Model
*Nominated for Best Paper Award

Stefan Parent, MD, PhD; Jean-Paul Praud, MD, PhD; Sarah Bouchard, MD; Nathalie Samson, PhD; Marc Cloutier, PhD; Bruno Piedboeuf, MD

2:33

Paper #9: Characterization of a Scoliosis Model in FGFR3 Deficient Mice

Neil Saran, MD, FRCSC; Ali Esmaeel, MD, FRCSC; Michael B. Sullivan, BSc; Janet E. Henderson, PhD; Jean A. Ouellet, MD, FRCSC

2:37

Discussion

 

2:45

*Paper #10: Iatrogenic Radiation Exposure to Patients with Early Onset Spine And Chest Wall Deformities
*Nominated for Best Paper Award

Kit M. Song, MD, MHA; Derek Khorsand, BS; Adam Alessio, MD; Jonathan Swanson, MD; Greg Redding, MD; John Waldhausen, MD

2:49

Paper #11: Radiation Exposure in Growing Rod Surgery for Early Onset Scoliosis

Michael W. Hennessy, MD; Jeff B. Pawelek, BS; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Gregory M. Mundis, MD

2:53

Paper #12: Radiographic Comparison of Early Onset and Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Mark J. McElroy, MD; Paul D. Sponseller, MD; Sara K. Fuhrhop, BS; Colin J. Russell; Peter O. Newton, MD; Michelle C. Marks, PT, MA; James O. Sanders, MD; Muharrem Yazici, MD; Jeff B. Pawelek; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Harms Study Group; Growing Spine Study Group

2:57

Discussion

 

3:05

Adjourn; Optional Free Time Activities

 

7:00 am

Exhibit Viewing / Coffee in Exhibit Hall

Floridian Ballroom EF

7:30 – 8:45

Surgical Technique Forums: Company-Supported Workshops with Breakfast
Not CME Accredited

Floridian Ballroom ABC

 

New Spinal Deformity Correction Techniques Utilizing the RANGE Spinal System
Supported by: K2M
Faculty: Laurel Blakemore, MD

Room: Flagler

 

Osteotomy Techniques to Achieve Sagittal Balance
Supported by: Medtronic
Faculty: Richard McCarthy, MD and David Skaggs, MD

Room: Palm Beach

8:45 – 8:55

Walking Break

 

8:55 – 10:10

Session 5: Papers -Classification/Assessment/Secondary Effects
Moderator: L. Blakemore, MD

Floridian Ballroom ABC

8:55

Paper #13: Organizing Chaos: Development of a Consensus-Based Early Onset Scoliosis Classification Schema

Brendan A. Williams, BA; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Laurel C. Blakemore, MD; Randal R. Betz, MD; John M. Flynn, MD; Charles E. Johnston, II, MD; Richard E. McCarthy, MD; David P. Roye, Jr., MD; David L. Skaggs, MD; John T. Smith, MD; Brian D. Synder, MD PhD; Paul D. Sponseller, MD MBA; Peter F. Sturm, MD; George H. Thompson, MD; Muharrem Yazici, MD; Michael G. Vitale, MD MPH

8:59

Paper: 14: Validation of the Early-Onset Scoliosis Questionnaire (EOSQ): Responsiveness and Comparison with Normative Subjects

Michael Vitale, MD, MPH; Hiroko Matsumoto, MA; Kumar Nair, BA; Daren McCalla, BS; Brendan Williams, BA; Jacqueline Corona, MD; Benjamin D. Roye, MD; David P. Roye, Jr., MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; John Emans, MD; David Skaggs, MD; John T. Smith, MD

9:03

Paper #15: Rib-based Growing Systems: Is There a Law of Diminishing Returns with Repeated Lengthening?

John A. Heflin; John T. Smith, MD

9:07

Discussion

 

9:15

Paper #16: Does Growing Rod Cause Degeneration And Secondary Deformity In The Adjacent Segment?

Caglar Yilgor; Serdar Aritan; Gokhan Demirkiran; Kenan Daglioglu; Kemal Kosemetmetoglu; Muharrem Yazici, MD

9:19

Paper #17: Does the Type of Distraction-Based Growing System for Early Onset Scoliosis Affect Post-Operative Sagittal Alignment?

Ron El-Hawary, MD, MSc, FRCS(C); Peter Sturm, MD; Patrick Cahill, MD; Amer Samdani, MD; Michael Vitale, MD; Peter Gabos, MD; Nathan Bodin, MD; Chalres d'Amato, MD; Colin Harris, MD; John Smith, MD

9:23

Paper #18: Proximal Segmental Kyphosis after Vertical Expandable Prosthetic Titanium Rib Insertion

Ying Li, MD; Lawrence Karlin, MD

9:27

Discussion

 

9:35

Paper #19: Proximal Junctional Kyphosis in Distraction-Based Growing Rods

David Skaggs, MD; Karen Myung, MD, PhD; Christopher Lee, BS

9:39

Paper #20: Sagittal Spinopelvic Parameters Help Predict the Risk of Proximal Junctional Kyphosis for Children Treated with Posterior Distraction Based Implants

Ron El-Hawary, MD, MSc, FRCS(C); Peter Sturm, MD; Patrick Cahill, MD; Amer Samdani, MD; Michael Vitale, MD; Peter Gabos, MD; Nathan Bodin, MD; Charles d'Amato, MD; John Smith, MD; Colin Harris, MD

9:43

Paper #21: Effects of the Growing Rod On The Discs And Facet Joints of the Unfused Intermediate Segments

Gokhan Demirkiran; Caglar Yilgor; Mehmet Ayvaz; Kemal Kosemehmetoglu; Kenan Daglioglu; Muharrem Yazici, MD

9:47

Discussion

 

9:55

Paper #22: Is Thoracic Expansion A Safe Procedure For Mobility And Growth Potential Of The Spine? Spontaneous Fusion after Multiple Chest Distractions In Young Children

Caglar Yilgor; Gokan Demirkiran; Mehmet Ayvaz; Muharrem Yazici, MD

9:59

Paper #23: Dynamic Stresses in the Disc Annulus After Spinal Hemiepiphysiodesis

Donita I. Bylski-Austrow, PhD; Eric J. Wall, MD; Alvin H. Crawford, MD; Viral J. Jain, MD; David L. Glos; Frank E. Sauser

10:03

Paper #24: Loss of Fixation of Upper Thoracic Pedicle Screws Causing Spinal Cord Injury

David Skaggs, MD; Kira Skaggs; Aimee Brasher, MD; Charles Johnston, MD; John Purvis, MD; John Smith, MD

10:07

Discussion

 

10:15 – 10:35

Refreshment Break & Exhibit Viewing

Floridian Ballroom EF

10:35 – 12:35

Session 6: Keynote Address & Symposium on Basic Science
Moderator: P. Sponseller, MD

Floridian Ballroom ABC

10:35

Keynote Address Introduction

 

10:40

Keynote Address: Developing Evidence for EOS Treatment

M. Goldberg, MD

11:00

Discussion

 

11:20

FDA Considerations for Growing Spinal Implants

S. Cummins, MD, MPH

11:40

Biomechanics of Immature Rib and Vertebra

R. Schwend, MD

11:55

Flexible Tether

P. Newton, MD

12:10

Discussion

 

12:18

Review of Animal Models of Growing Spine and their Applications

B. Snyder, MD

12:33

Anterior Vertebral Growth Plate Tether

Eric Wall, MD

12:48

Discussion

 

12:55 – 1:40

Lunch

Floridian Ballroom EF

1:40 – 2:40

Session 7: Ask-the-Faculty Case Discussions
Participants will be invited to submit in advance cases they have questions about for faculty input and discussion. 5-6 faculty will be available in 4 different rooms.

Room 1: Flagler/ Gilchrist
Moderators: Dr. Johnston & Dr. Shah
Panel: Drs. Newton, Schwend, Vitale

Room 2: Hamilton/Indian River
Moderators: Dr. Akbarnia & Dr. Blakemore
Panel: Drs. Bollini, McCarthy, Ouellet, Redding

Room 3: Jackson
Moderators: Dr. Sponseller & Dr. Smith
Panel: Drs. Emans, Samdani, Suzuki, Yazici

Room 4: Palm Beach
Moderators: Dr. Skaggs & Thompson
Panel: Drs. Snyder, Torode, Wall

 

2:40 -2:55

Refreshment Break & Exhibit Viewing

Floridian Ballroom EF

2:55 – 4:00

Session 8: Power Summaries
Moderator: J. Emans, MD

Floridian Ballroom ABC

2:55

Management of Implant-related Infections: VEPTR

J. Smith, MD

3:01

Management of Implant-related Infections: Growing Rods

M. Vitale, MD

3:07

Apical Control in Growing Constructs

C. Johnston, MD

3:13

Discussion

 

3:23

Pediatric Spinal Deformity and GI issues

J. Bornstein, MD

3:38

Spinal Cord Injury and the Growing Spine

A. Samdani, MD

3:44

Managing Repeat Surgery for Young Patients and Families

L. Blakemore, MD

3:50

Discussion

 

4:00 – 5:00

Session 9: Papers -Complications, Neuromuscular & Syndromic Disorders
Moderator: R. Woo, MD

 

4:04

Paper #25: Vertebral Body Stapling in the treatment of thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis in Immature Patients

Acke Ohlin, MD, PhD; Agneta Montgomery; Kasim Abul-Kasim

4:08

Paper #26: Next Generation of Growth-Sparing Techniques: Preliminary Clinical Results of a Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod (MCGR) in 14 Patients

Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Kenneth MC Cheung; Hilali Noordeen; Hazem El Sebaie; Muharrem Yazici, MD; Zaher Dannawi; Nima Kabirian

4:12

Discussion

 

4:20

Paper #27: Post-Operative Wound Infection in Growing Rod Surgery for Early-Onset Scoliosis

Nima Kabirian, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD, Jeff Pawelek, BS; Milad Alam, BS; Greg Mundis, MD; Ricardo Acacio, MD; George H. Thompson, MD; David S. Marks,FRCS; Adrian C. Gardner, FRCS; David L. Skaggs,MD and GSSG

4:24

Paper # 28: Mortality and Morbidity in Early Onset Scoliosis Surgery

Jonathan H. Phillips, MD; D Raymond Knapp, Jr, MD; Jose A. Herrera-Soto, MD

4:28

Paper #29: VEPTR use in treatment of Jarcho-Levin Syndrome: A Spondylocostal Dysostosis and Spondylothoracic Dysplasia Review

Ajeya P. Joshi, MD; Joshua G. Karlin, BS; Davin Cordell, MD; James W. Simmons, DO PhD

4:32

Discussion

 

4:40

Paper #30: Growing Rods in Early Onset Scoliosis with Neurofibromatosis Type 1

Viral Jain, MD; Abhishek Ray; Alvin Crawford, MD; John Emans, MD; Paul Sponseller, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

4:44

Paper #31: Growing Rods for the Treatment of Scoliosis in Cerebral Palsy: A Critical Assessment

Mark McElroy, MS; Paul D. Sponseller, MD; Jonathan R. Dattilo, BS; George H. Thompson, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

4:48

Paper #32: Natural History and Results of Surgical Treatment of Spine Deformities in Patients with Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 2 and Type 3a

Tomasz Potaczek, MD; Daniel Zarzycki, MD, PhD

4:52

Paper #33: Growing Segmental Spinal Instrumentation without Fusion in Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Samuel R. Rosenfeld, MD

4:56

Discussion

 

5:04

Best Paper Award

 

5:09

Best E-Poster Award

 

5:15

Closing Comments

 

5:20

Adjourn

 

E-Poster 1: Validation of EOS 3D Reconstruction Accuracy against CT
Diana A. Glaser, PhD; Josh Doan, MS; Peter Newton, MD

E-Poster 2: Correlation and Reproducibility of 2D and 3D Spinal Measurements
Diana A. Glaser; Christy Farnsworth, MS; Josh Doan, MS; Peter Newton, MD

E-Poster 3: Scoliosis after Chest Wall Resection
Michael Glotzbecker, MD; Timothy Hresko, MD; Mark Puder, MD

E-Poster 4: Some Connectors in Distraction Based Growing Rods Fail More than Others
David Skaggs, MD; Karen Myung, MD, PhD; Christopher Lee

E-Poster 5: Analysis of the Neurocentral Junction (NCJ) in the Normal Infantile, Juvenile and Adolescent Spine
Tom P. Schlösser; Michiel M. Janssen, MD, PhD; Hamid Attrach, MD; Max Viergever, PhD; Koen L. Vincken, PhD; René M. Castelein, MD, PhD

E-Poster 6: Bilateral Rib-Based Distraction to the Pelvis for the Management of Congenital Gibbus Deformity in the Growing Child
John T. Smith, MD; Jennie Mickelsen, BS

E-Poster 7: Determination of Reference Values for Spinal Posture in Children
Thimm Furian, MD; Walter Rapp, PhD; Marcel Betsch, MD

E-Poster 8: Grading System for the Severity of Progression in Patients with Congenital Scoliosis associated with Unilateral Rib Anomalies during Growth Period

Noriaki Kawakami, MD, DMSc; Taichi Tsuji; Haruhisa Yanagida, MD; Koki Uno, MD; Morio Matsumoto, MD; Kota Watanabe, MD; Takuya Yamamoto; Toru Hirano, MD; Hiroshi Taneichi, MD; Ken Yamazaki, MD; Kenta Fujiwara, MD

E-Poster 9: Pediatric Pedicle Screw Placement Using Intraoperative CT and 3D Image-Guided Navigation
A. Noelle Larson, MD; David W. Polly, Jr., MD; Edward R. G. Santos, MD; Charles G.T. Ledonio, MD; Jonathan N. Sembrano, MD; Cary H. Mielke, MD; Kenneth J. Guidera, MD

E-Poster 10: Prevalence of Intra-operative Tissue Cultures in Posterior Pediatric Spinal Deformity Surgery
Sreeharsha Nandyala, Medical Student; Richard Michael Schwend, MD

E-Poster 11: Navigation and 3D Image-Guided Placement of Pedicle Screws in Congenital Spine Deformity
A. Noelle Larson; David W. Polly, Jr., MD; Kenneth J. Guidera, MD; Cary H. Mielke, MD; Edward R.G. Santos, MD; Charles G.T. Ledonio, MD; Jonathan N. Sembrano, MD

E-Poster 12: Complications of Veptr Instrumentation for Progressive Spine Deformities in Young Children without Rib Fusions- A Review of 30 Cases
Norberto Ventura, MD, PHD; Anna Ey Batlle, MD; Imma Vilalta, MD

E-Poster 13: Management of EOS by Proximal Fixation with 4 Rib Construct
Alaa A. Ahmad, MD; Richard H. Gross, MD

E-Poster 14: The Value of Flexibility Radiographs in Predicting Coronal Curve Correction Following Growing Rod Surgery
Burt Yaszay, MD; Jeff Pawelek, BS; Nima Kabirian, MD; Tracey Bastrom, MA; John B. Emans, MD; George H. Thompson, MD; Richard E. McCarthy, MD; Gregory M. Mundis, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD

E-Poster 15: How Risky is Instrumenting to Pelvis in Ambulatory Early Onset Scoliosis Treated with Growth Sparing Surgery?
Burt Yaszay, MD; Nima Kabirian, MD; Jeff Pawelek, BS; John B. Emans, MD; Charles E. Johnston, MD; Suken A. Shah, MD; Gregory M. Mundis, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

E-Poster 16: Hemoglobin Levels in Patients with Early Onset Scoliosis Treated with Growing Rods
Karen Myung, MD; Christopher Lee, BS; Eric Wall, MD; Viral Jain, MD; Suken A. Shah, MD; Charles E. Johnston, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD; David L. Skaggs, MD; Growing Spine Study Group

E-Poster 17: Analysis of Radiation Exposure Reduction after Implementing Multidetector CT in an Early Onset Scoliosis Treatment Algorithm
Ajeya P. Joshi, MD; Alicia A. DiGiammarino; Ping-Sun Keven Chen, MD, PhD; Roberto J. Fajardo, PhD; James W. Simmons, Do, PhD; Davin Cordell, MD

E-Poster 18 : The Effect of Early Fusion for Early Onset Scoliosis. Comparison between 43 Early Fusion Cases and 39 Dual Growing Rod Cases
Koki Uno; Noriaki Kawakami; Teppei Suzuki; Taichi Tsuji; Morio Matsumoto; Toru Hirano; Manabu Ito; Katsushi Takeshita; Ken Yamazaki; Sohei Minami; Takuya Yamamoto

E-Poster 19: Sagittal Balance in Thoracolumbar or Lumbar Congenital Spinal Deformity with A Minimum 10-year Follow-up after Surgery
Teppei Suzuki; Koki Uno; Hiroshi Miyamoto; Yoshihiro Inui; Noriaki Kawakami; Taichi Tsuji

E-Poster 20: Placement of Pedicle Screws in Children ≤ 10 Years Using Navigation and Intraoperative CT
A. Noelle Larson, MD; David W. Polly, Jr., MD; Ken J. Guidera, MD; Cary H. Mielke, MD; Edward R. G. Santos, MD; Charles G.T. Ledonio, MD; Jonathan N. Sembrano, MD

E-Poster 21: Computational Model of Spinal Hemiepiphysiodesis: Implant-Bone Contact, Initial Disc Wedging, and Growth
Bharathwaj Kumar; Donita I. Bylski-Austrow; Yijun J. Liu; Eric J. Wall, MD

E-Poster 22: Spinal Surgeries in Patients Who Have Neurofibromatosis at 10 Years Old or Younger
Sayaka Hamamura; Koki Uno; Teppei Suzuki

E-Poster 23: Growing Rods in Severe Neuromuscular Juvenile Scoliosis
Martin Repko, Assoc. Prof., MD, PhD; Milan Filipovic, MD, PhD

E-Poster 24: Surgical Treatment of Early Onset Scoliosis Associated with Rare Diseases
Francesco Lolli; Elena Maredi; Konstantinos Martikos; Francesco Vommaro; Elisa Babbi; Paola Capra; Mario Di Silvestre; Alfredo Cioni; Stefano Giacomini; Tiziana Greggi

E-Poster 25: Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring Strategies in Adolescent Idiopathic and Neuromuscular Scoliosis
Francesca Pastorelli; Mario Di Silvestre; Francesco Lolli; Francesco Vommaro; Elena Maredi; Konstantinos Martikos; Tiziana Greggi

E-Poster 26: Treatment of Spinal Fractures in Pediatric Age: Long-term Results
Francesco Lolli; Francesco Vommaro; Mario Di Silvestre; Angelo Toscano; Alessio Biazzo; Stefano Giacomini; Tiziana Greggi

E-Poster 27: Evaluation of Syndromic Spinal Deformities
Mehmet B. Balioglu, MD; Mehmet T. Tacal, MD; Akif Albayrak, MD; Secil S. Sakızlıoglu, MD

E-Poster 28: A Novel Infralaminar Hook and Rod System for Correction Surgeries in Idiopathic Scoliosis: Preliminary Description of 1508 Cases
Jens Richolt; Aleksandr Laka

E-Poster 29: Evaluation of Patients with Early Onset Scoliosis
Mehmet B. Balioglu, MD; Mehmet T. Tacal, MD; Akif Albayrak, MD; Secil S. Sakizlioglu, MD

E-Poster 30: Pulmonary Function during Corrective Cast Treatment for EOS (Early Onset Scoliosis). - Evaluation of SaO2 Using Pulse Oximeter - Pilot Study
Taichi Tsuji, MD DMSc; Noriaki Kawakami, MD DMSc; Toshiki Saito, MD DMSc; Ayato Nohara, MD; Kazuyoshi Miyasaka, MD DMSc; Tetsuya Ohara, MD; Yoshitaka Suzuki, MD DMSc; Ryo Sugawara, MD

E-Poster 31: Pulmonary function in Patients with Early Onset Scoliosis Undergoing Treatment with Growing Rods
Farhaan Altaf; Fady Sedra; Hilali Noordeen; Behrooz Akbarnia, MD

E-Poster 32: Thoracic Growth and Pulmonary Function after Growing Transpedicular Instrumentation
Andriy Mezentsev; Dmytro Petrenko; Andriy Mangov

E-Poster 33: A New Alternative Design for Vertical Expandable Prosthetic Titanium Rib
Akif Albayrak; Mehmet Bulent Balioglu, MD; Mehmet Temel Tacal, MD; Sami Sokucu, MD

E-Poster 34: Costal Distraction System can be an Alternative for Growing Rod System |
Mehmet Temel Tacal, MD; Mehmet Bulent Balioglu, MD; Akif Albayrak, MD

E-Poster 35: Severe Scoliosis with Intra Spinal Pathologies
Mehmet T. Tacal, MD; Mehmet B. Balioglu, MD; Akif Albayrak, MD

E-Poster 36: Escobar Syndrome (Multiple Pterygium Syndrome) and Thoracic Kyphoscoliosis
Mehmet B. Balioglu, MD; Mehmet T. Tacal, MD; Akif Albayrak, MD

E-Poster 37: Anterior and Posterior Spinal Arthrodesis with Pedicle Screw Instrumentation for Thoracolumbar Kyphosis in Children with Mucopolysaccaridosis
Enrique Garrido; Christopher Adams

E-Poster 38: Defining Thoracic Kyphosis in Patients with Pectus Excavatum
Elizabeth A. Berdan, MD; A Noelle N. Larson, MD; Daniel A. Saltzman, MD PhD; David Jr., MD W. Polly, Jr., MD

E-Poster 39: Treatment and Related Complications for Patients with EOS
Mehmet B. Balioglu, MD; Mehmet T. Tacal, MD; Akif Albayrak, MD

E-Poster 40: Prevalence of Early Onset Spinal Abnormalities in Loeys-Dietz Syndrome
Sara K. Fuhrhop, BS; Mark J. McElroy, MS; Harry C. Dietz, MD; Paul D. Sponseller, MD

E-Poster 41: Growing Spine Profiler-A New Device in the Treatment of Progressive Spinal Deformities, Early Results
Daniel Zarzycki, MD, PhD; Tomasz Potaczek, MD

E-Poster 42: Prevalence of Intrathecal Anomalies in Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis
Benjamin D. Martin; Jaime R. Denning, MD; Jennifer C. Laine, MD; Charles E. Johnston, MD; Anna M. McClung, BSN, RN

E-Poster 43: Comparison of Results of Surgical Treatment of Congenital Spinal and Thorax Deformities In Skeletally Immature Patients Using Two Different ”Growing” Implants
Tomasz Potaczek, MD; Daniel Zarzycki, MD, PhD; Slawomir Duda, MD

E-Poster 44: Scoliosis in Rett Syndrome - Natural History and Surgical Treatment
Tomasz Potaczek, MD; Daniel Zarzycki, MD, PhD; Slawomir Duda, MD

E-Poster 45: Impact of In-Vivo Rotational Device in the Growth Modulation of Rat Tail
John G. Thometz, MD; Xue C Liu, MD., Ph.D; Robert Rizza, PhD

E-Poster 46: Scoliosis, Pectus, and Combined Deformity Modeling to Predict Functional Outcomes
Elizabeth Berdan, MD; Hanna Naegeli; Noelle Larson, MD; David W. Polly, Jr., MD; David J. Nuckley, PhD

E-Poster 47: Congenital Scoliosis Riyad Experiece
Mohammad D. Alfawareh, MD; Walid Attia, MD; Mohammad Halawani, MD; Khaled Almusrea, MD

E-Poster 48: Distraction-Growth Guided Technique (DGG) for Lumbar Curve Deformity in Immature Progressive Scoliosis
Katsuki Kono; Nobumasa Suzuki

E-Poster 49: Innovations in Early Onset Scoliosis Casting
Nigel J. Price, MD